ENR 3.5  OTHER ATS ROUTES

3.5.1  Kuala Lumpur Terminal Area -VFR Routes System

3.5.1.1   Introduction
3.5.1.1.1 VFR routes are provided to allow transit through the Kuala Lumpur CTR, VFR access to Subang/Sultan Abdul Aziz Shah and helicopter VFR access routes to KL International / Sepang
3.5.1.1.2 Simpang is served directly by a VFR route.
3.5.1.1.3 VFR routes apply only to controlled airspace. However VFR routes are described from/to the first significant visual fix outside controlled airspace.
3.5.1.2   Route description
3.5.1.2.1   VFR Route 1A

Coastal Route

Sungai Besar - 2000FT – Kuala Selangor – 1500FT – Track west of coastal road – Port Klang – 1500FT – Morib – 1000FT – Track coastal over water – Tanjung Sepat – 1000FT – Track over water (CAUTION; route over water) – Tanjung Tuan – 1000FT.

Airspace classification: C

Hours of operation: HJ

3.5.1.2.2   VFR Route 2A

Inland Route

Slim River – 2000FT – Tanjung Malim – 2000FT – Rawang – 1500FT – Batu Caves – 1500FT – Sungai Besi – 1500FT – Kajang – 1500FT – Seremban – 2000FT.

Airspace classification: C

Hours of operation: HJ

3.5.1.2.3   VFR Route 3A

Inland route (that provides access across the central mountain range and connected to VFR Route 2A)

Bentong -3000FT – Track via highway – Batu Caves – 1500FT

Airspace classification: C

Hours of operation: HJ

3.5.1.2.4   VFR Route 4A

Inland route (connected to VFR Route 2A)

Kuala Kelawang – 3000FT – Kajang – 1500FT

Airspace classification: C

Hours of operation: HJ

3.5.1.2.5   VFR Route 5A

Inland route (connected to VFR Route 2A and VFR Route 1A)

Seremban – 1000FT – Rantau – 1000FT – Tanjung Tuan – 1000FT

Airspace classification: C

Hours of operation: HJ

3.5.1.2.6  Subang Eastern Access Route:

Rawang - 1 500 FT - Nibong Gila - 1 500 FT - Subang.

Batu Caves - 1 500 FT - Nibong Gila - 1 500 FT - Subang.

Simpang - 1 500 FT - Nibong Gila - 1 500 FT - Subang.

Airspace classification: C

Hours of operation: HJ

3.5.1.2.7  Subang Western Access Route:

Port Klang - 1 500 FT - MARA Building - 1 500 FT - Subang.

Kapar - 1 500 FT - South of T.CSF Radar site - Subang.

Airspace classification: C

Hours of operation: HJ

3.5.1.3  Procedures on VFR Route 1A
3.5.1.3.1 Aircraft flying over water on VFR Route 1A between Tanjung Sepat and Tanjung Tuan and vice versa (approximately 23NM) are to comply with statutory requirement including ICAO Annex 6 - Part II, MCAR 2016 or any subsidiary legislation that outlined guidelines for over-water flying. These conditions are additional to the requirements for flight over land.
3.5.1.3.2 Pilot may request for alternate routes in real-time coordination and is subject to ATC approval based on prevailing traffic eg: traffic transiting through approach and departure funnel for Runway 3 KLIA. Pilot may expect to hold over an area before approval is obtained.
3.5.1.3.3 ATC clearance or instruction does not relieve the pilot from complying with statutory requirement nor from the responsibility for the ultimate safety of the aircraft.
3.5.1.4  VFR Route coordinates and coastal visual fixes
NoReporting fixesLandmarksCoordinates

1

Sungai Besar

Sungai Besar Stadium

034028N1005912E

2

Kuala Selangor

Kuala Selangor Bridge

032026N1011509E

3

Kapar

Kapar Junction

030810N1012233E

4

Port Klang

Pulau Indah Bridge

030156N1012140E

5

Morib

Golf Course

024436N1012647E

6

Tanjung Sepat

Jetty Tanjung Sepat

023933N1013322E

7

Tanjung Tuan (Cape Rachardo)

Lighthouse

022425N1015107E

8

Slim River

Slim River Hospital

035014N1012415E

9

Tanjung Malim

Universiti Perguruan Sultan Idris (UPSI)

034106N1013126E

10

Rawang

Lafarge plant

031833N1013416E

11

Batu Caves

Hindu Temple

031415N1014102E

12

Sungai Besi

Smart Toll Plaza

030632N1014208E
13

Kajang

Stadium

025940N1014713E

14

Seremban

Seremban Mosque

024319N1015632E

15

Bentong

Dataran Bentong

033145N1015417E

16

Rantau

TNB Substation

023541N1015743E

17

Kuala Kelawang

Jelebu District Council

025627N1020410E

18

Petaling Jaya

Menara TM

030657N1013956E

19

Bukit Lanjan

Tol Sungai Penchala

031039N1013710E

20

Puncak Perdana

Puncak Perdana Interchange

030804N1012946E

21

Shah Alam

Sultan Salahudin Abdul Aziz Mosque

030444N1013114E

22

Kuang

Guthrie – LATAR Expressway Kuang Exit

031610N1013245E

23

Nibong Gila

Met Weather Radar

030841N1013331E

24

Titiwangsa

Titiwangsa Lake

031039N1014216E

25

Segambut

DUKE Jalan Kuching Interchange

031131N1014008E
Figure 123. KUALA LUMPUR TMA VISUAL FLIGHT RULES (VFR) ROUTES
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3.5.2  VFR Lane System - Langkawi Control Zone

3.5.2.1   The following VFR Lanes are established within the Langkawi CTR:
Name

Width

(NM)

Vertical

(FT ALT)

TrackRestrictionsAirspace Classification
Lane 63

4 000

1 500

Kuah - Pulau Tuba

thence to Pulau Payar

Descend to reach Kuah at 1500 ft

Obtain ATC clearance to enter CIRA before Kuah.

If no clearance received, hold at Kuah at 1500 ft.

C
Lane 73

4 000

1 500

Kuah - Pulau Timun

thence to Kuala Perlis

Descend to reach Kuah at 1500 ft

Obtain ATC clearance to enter CIRA before Kuah.

If no clearance received, hold at Kuah at 1500 ft.

C
3.5.2.2 VFR traffic are required to track via Pulau Paya to enter Lane 6 and Kuala Perlis to enter Lane 7.
3.5.2.3 VFR Lane traffic will be provided with traffic information where available. They will not be provided with separation between other VFR traffic (Class C airspace) whether in the Lanes or outside them.
3.5.2.4 If transponder equipped, VFR traffic should squawk the assigned code. Where no descrete code is assigned, squawk 2000 until another code is assigned. This may not necessarily be a descrete code.
3.5.2.5 Due to low level operational limitation of the PSR and mountainous terrain, low altitude VFR aircraft, especially to the north, may not be detected until close to Langkawi Airport.
Figure 124. LANGKAWI CONTROL ZONE VISUAL FLIGHT RULES (VFR) LANES
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3.5.3  VFR Route System - Miri Control Zone

3.5.3.1   The following VFR Routes are established within the Miri CTR:
3.5.3.1.1   COASTAL
3.5.3.1.1.1 WBGRR1

From Kuala Baram track 184°/Coastal, Alt. below 2000FT to the west of Tg. Lobang VFR Hold.

3.5.3.1.1.2 WBGRR3

From Kuala Niah Track 032°/Coastal, Alt. below 2000FT to west of Tg. Lobang VFR Hold.

3.5.3.1.2   INLAND
3.5.3.1.2.1 WBGRR2

From Batang Baram NE (R-072/17.3 VMI) track 241°, Alt. below 3000FT to Lambir Waterworks Tower VFR Hold

3.5.3.1.2.2 WBGRR4

From Marudi track 293°, Alt. below 3000FT to Lambir Waterworks Tower VFR Hold.

Figure 125. MIRI VFR ROUTES
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3.5.4  VFR Lane System - Ipoh Control Zone

3.5.4.1   The following VFR Lanes are established within the IPOH CTR:
Name

Width

(NM)

Vertical

(FT ALT)

TrackRestrictionsAirspace Classification
Lane 83

3 000

1 500

Bidor - Kampar - Gopeng

Arriving aircraft to descend to reach Kampar at 1500FT.

C
Lane 93

3 000

1 500

Teluk Intan -Kampar - Gopeng

Arriving aircraft to descend to reach kampar at 1500FT.

C
Lane 103

3 000

1 500

Batu Hampar - Parit - Batu Gajah

Arriving aircraft to descend to reach Parit at 1500FT.

Expect to HOLD west of Perak River off Parit Town due to other arriving and departing aircraft at Ipoh airfield.

C
3.5.4.2 VFR LANES are 3 NM wide based on towns and prominent Landmarks.
3.5.4.3 VFR Lanes shall be used in VMC and by day only.
Figure 126. IPOH CONTROL ZONE VISUAL FLIGHT RULES (VFR) LANES
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3.5.5  VFR Route System - Bintulu Control Zone

3.5.5.1   The following VFR Routes are established within the Bintulu CTR:
3.5.5.1.1 WBGBR1

From Kuala Balingian track 075° / coastal, altitude 1500FT to Kuala Tatau; track 075° / coastal, altitude 1500FT to Setiam VFR Hold

3.5.5.1.2 WBGBR2

From Dom track 057° / Sibu-Bintulu Highway, altitude 1500FT to Tatau; track 022° / Sibu-Bintulu Highway, altitude 1500FT to Jalingai; track 022° altitude 1500FT to Setiam VFR Hold

3.5.5.1.3 WBGBR3

From Tubau track 263° to Usek, altitude 1500FT to Sebauh; track 285° / Btg. Kemena, altitude 1500FT to Kemena VFR Hold

3.5.5.1.4 WBGBR4

From Tg. Similajau track 214° altitude 1500 FT to Likau; track 204° altitude 1500 FT to Kemena VFR Hold

Figure 127. BINTULU VFR ROUTES
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3.5.6  VFR Route System - Sibu Control Zone

3.5.6.1 WBGSR1: From Saratok Alt 1500FT - Pakan Road - Leng - Alt 1000FT to Pulau Dudong Hold.
3.5.6.2 WBGSR2: From Matu Alt 1500FT - T River Junction - Alt 1000FT to Pulau Dudong Hold.
3.5.6.3 WBGSR3: From Mukah Alt 1500FT - Abeam Narub - Nanga Tamin - Alt 1000FT to Meruan Hold.
3.5.6.4 WBGSR4: From Tatau Alt 1500FT - Selangau - Stapang - Alt 1000FT to Meruan Hold.
3.5.6.5 WBGSR5: From Song Alt 1500FT - Kanowit - Alt 1000FT - Durin Town to Pulau Dudong Hold.
Figure 127. SIBU VFR ROUTES
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Figure 128. SIBU VFR ROUTES
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3.5.7  VFR Route System - Alor SEtar Control Zone

3.5.7.1 LANE 6: From Pulau Payar - Alt 1500FT to Kuala Kedah.
3.5.7.2 LANE 7: From Pulau Timun - Alt 1500FT to Kuala Perlis.
3.5.7.3 LANE 8: From North - Kuala Perlis - Kuala Sanglang - Ayer Hitam - Alt 1500FT to Kuala Kedah.

From South - Kota Saraang Semut - Simpang Empat - Alt 1500FT to Kuala Kedah.

Figure 129. ALOR STAR / SULTAN ABDUL HALIM VFR ROUTES
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3.5.8  VFR Route System - Kota Bharu Control Zone And TMA

3.5.8.1 ROUTE 1: Penarik (053543N 1024824E) – Kg. Setiu Lama (054053N 1024246E) – ALT 3000FT. - Beting Lintang (054415N 1023903E) – P.RU (054951N 1023623E) - Kg. Besut (054955N 1023255E) - Kg. Tok Bali (055304N 1022906E) – Kg. Kandis (055653N 1022634E) - ALT 5000FT - Bachok (060354N 1022324E) - Kota Bharu Town (060755N 1021355E). ALT 3000FT.
3.5.8.2 ROUTE 2: Kuala Krai (053557N 1021412E) - Tanah Merah (054629N 1020736E) - ALT 3000FT - Kota Bharu Town(060755N 1021355E). ALT 3000FT.
3.5.8.3 ROUTE 3: Bt. Melintang (054205N 1014325E) – Jeli (054205N 1014941E) - Tanah Merah (054629N 1020736E). ALT 3000FT.
Figure 130. VISUAL FLIGHT RULES ROUTES (VFR) - KOTA BHARU
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3.5.9  VFR Lane System - Johor Bahru Control Zone And TMA

3.5.9.1  Lane description
3.5.9.1.1 VFR LANE ALPHA: Coastal - 1500FT - Benut - Kuai Tol Plaza - University Technology Malaysia (UTM)
3.5.9.1.2 VFR LANE BRAVO: Inland - 1500FT - Simpang Renggam - Kulai Tol Plaza - University Technology Malaysia (UTM)
3.5.9.1.3 VFR LANE CHARLIE: Kpg. Kuala Sedili Besar - 1000FT - Kota Tinggi - 1000FT - East Of Johot Bahru Airfield
3.5.9.1.4  VFR LANE DELTA: Southern - 1000FT - Kg Sedili Besar - Kota Tinggi - East Kg Sungai Tiram - East of JB Town.
3.5.9.1.5  VFR LANE ECHO: Southern - 1000FT - Pt. X Ray - Tebrau City Mall - Felda Ulu Tebrau - East of Johor Airfield.
3.5.9.2  VFR Routes coordinates:
Geographical PositionCoordinates (WGS84)
iUTM Mosque013333N 1033815E
iiBenut013839N 1031534E
iiiKulai Tol Plaza013900N 1033318E
ivEast of Johor Bahru Airfield014005N 1034259E
vKota Tinggi Bridge014344N 1035406E
viEast of Kg. Sg. Tiram013500N 1035500E
viiEast of Johor Bahru Town013014N 1035154E
viiiFelda Ulu Tebrau013751N 1034510E
ixTebrau City Mall013259N 1034748E
xSouth Of Kg. Semangar014430N 1034700E
xiKpg. Sedili Besar015536N 1040658E
xiiSpg. Renggam Town014940N 1031834E
xiiiAir Hitam015552N 1031033E
xivYong Peng020102N 1030347E
xvPoint X-Ray012830N 1034954E
Figure 131. JOHOR TMA VISUAL FLIGHT RULE (VFR) LANES
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3.5.10  VFR Routes System - Malacca Control Zone

3.5.10.1 Route 1: From Tg. Tuan Alt not above 2000FT - Terendak - Malacca City - Umbai - Muar.

(Aircraft to fly not below 1000FT and remain clear of Petronas Refinery and Terendak Army Camp).

3.5.10.2 Route 2: From Tampin - Alt not above 2000FT east of North-South expressway - Tangkak - Pagoh.
3.5.10.3 Route 3: From Tangkak Alt not above 2000FT - Chin Chin - Bt. Beruang VFR Hold.
3.5.10.4 Route 4: From Umbai Alt not above 2000FT - Bt. Beruang VFR Hold.
3.5.10.5 Route 5: From Terendak Alt nit above 2000FT - Rembia VFR Hold.

(Aircraft to fly not below 1000FT and remain clear of Terendak Army Camp)

3.5.10.6 Route 6: From Tampin Alt not above 2000FT - Rembia VFR Hold.

Note 1: Bt. Beruang Hold an area East of Water City Resort (02°14’32.40” N 102°18’16.72” E).

Note 2: Rembia Hold is an area overhead solar energy factory (02°20’32.00” N 102°12’50.00” E)

Note 3: Width of VFR Route = 2NM.

Figure 132. MALACCA VISUAL CHART ICAO
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3.5.11  VFR Route System - Tawau Control Zone

3.5.11.1 VFR Routes details are as follows:
VFR ROUTE DESIGNATIONROUTINGS
WBKWR1Tass Andrassy - Old Airport - Sebatik Island.
WBKWR2Old Airport - Kalabakan.
WBKWR3Balung - Kawa Hill - Baturong - Danum.
WBKWR4Balung - Junction (49KM) - Kg. Aman - Tg. Batai.
WBKWR5Saddle Hill - Nagos - Semporna - Gaya Island.
WBKWR6Saddle Hill - Sipadan Island.
3.5.11.2 Geographical reporting points used for VFR routes as follows:
Geographical PositionCoordinates
LatLong
Tass Andrassy041917N1180117E
Old Airport041601N1175312E
Sebatik Island041323N1174650E
Kalabakan042356N1172942E
Balung042152N1180740E
Kawa Hill042338N1180513E
Mt. Pyramid042824N1180409E
Baturong044158N1180009E
Danum045107N1174711E
Junction (49KM)042536N1181042E
Kg.Aman043613N1181123E
Tg. Batai045019N1181004E
Saddle Hill041756N1181108E
Nagos042052N1182335E
Semporna042659N1183547E
Gaya Island043720N1184425E
Sipadan Island040826N1183838E
Figure 133. TAWAU VFR ROUTES CHART
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3.5.12  VFR Route System - Sandakan Control Zone

3.5.12.1 VFR Routes details are as follows:
VFR ROUTE DESIGNATIONROUTINGS AND ALTITUDE IN FT AMSL
WBKSR1Bandar Indah Road Junction (south of coastal road) 1000 - South of Berhala Island 1000 - Tanjung Bidadari 1500 - Kuala Kinabatangan.
WBKSR2Bandar Indah Road Junction (south of coastal road) 1000 - Bai Island 2000 - Kampung Bilit 3000.
WBKSR3Bandar Indah Road Junction (south of coastal road) 1000 - Sungai Seguntur 1500 - Kota Kinabatangan 3000 - Kampung Kuala Lokan.
WBKSR4Bandar Indah Road Junction (south of coastal road) 1000 - Sungai Seguntur 1500 - Mile 32 Road Junction 3000 - Luang Manis 3000 - Telupid.
WBKSR5Pamaguan Primary School 1000 - Kampung Tobanka 2000 - Selingan Island 2000 - Lankayan Island.
WBKSR6Kampung Samawang 1500 - Kenawi Island 3000 - Kampung Terusan.
WBKSR7Pamaguan Primary School 1000 - Kampung Gum-Gum Laut 1000 - Kamoung Semawang 1500 - Beluran 1500 - Kampung Sungai - Sungai.
3.5.12.2 Geographical reporting points used for VFR routes as follows:
Geographical PositionCoordinates
LatLong
Bandar Indah (Road Junction)055121N1180420E
Kampong Tobanka060109N1180222E
Bai Island054631N1180601E
Tanjung Bidadari054928N1182057E
Kuala Kinabatangan Besar053834N1183645E
Kampung Bilit052951N1181229E
Sungai Seguntor054824N1175937E
Kota Kinabatangan053520N1175042E
Kampung Kuala Lokan052613N1174455E
Mile 32 Rd. Junction054528N1174531E
Telupid053739N1170750E
Kampung Gum-Gum Laut055810N1175435E
Kampung Semawang055511N1174544E
Beluran055342N1173325E
Kenawi Island055918N1174207E
Kampung Sungai-Sungai061503N 1172104E
Kampung Terusan062533N1174114E
Selingan Island061027N1180338E
Lankayan Island063000N1175500E
South of Berhala Island055151N1180854E
Luang Manis054000N1173918E
Pamaguan Primary School055727N1180352E
Figure 134. SANDAKAN VFR ROUTES
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3.5.13  VFR Lane System - Butterworth Control Zone

3.5.13.1 VFR Routes details are as follows:
VFR ROUTE DESIGNATIONROUTINGS AND ALTITUDE IN FT AMSL
Lane 1Port Weld 1000FT - Tanjung Piandang - 1000FT coastal over water - South of Pulau Aman - WMKP/transit.
Lane 2Kedah Peak West - 1000FT coastal - Kuala Sungai Muda - 1000FT coastal over water - North of George Town - WMKP/transit.
3.5.13.2 Geographical reporting points used for VFR Lanes as follows:
Geographical PositionCoordinates
LatLong
Port Weld045017N1003733E
Tanjung Piandang050517N1002138E
South of Pulau Aman051531N1002303E
Kedah Peak West054437N1002125E
Kuala Sungai Muda053439N1002009E
North of George Town052753N1001826E
Figure 135. KL BUTTERWORTH CTR VFR LANES
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Figure 136. KUALA TERENGGANU VISUAL CHART - ICAO - VFR ROUTES
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3.5.13.3  VFR LANE SYSTEM - KOTA KINABALU CONTROL ZONE AND TMA
3.5.13.3.1 Lane Description

Five (5) lanes are introduced to accommodate VFR flight for light aircraft and helicopters to facilitate their movement into and out of Kota Kinabalu International Airport as follows:

WBKKR1 - Pulau Sulug - not above 1500 FT - Pulau Tiga - not above 1500 FT - Kuala Penyu.

WBKKR2 - Kepayan - not above 1000 FT - 1NM East of Kinarut Town - not above 1000 FT - 1NM East of Kawang - not above 1500 FT - 1 NM East of Papar - not above 1500 FT - Bongawan.

WBKKR3 - Kepayan - not above 1000 FT - 1NM East of Inanam Town - not above 1500 FT - 1NM East of Telipok.

WBKKR4 - 1NM East of Telipok - not above 2000 FT - Kampung Kiulu - not above 3000 FT - Kampung Balabakan not above 6000 FT - Ranau

WBKKR5 - Pulau Sulug - not above 1000 FT - West of Pulau Gaya - not above 1000 FT - West of Hill 1040 - not above 1000 FT - Tanjung Dalit - not above 1000 FT - Kota Belud.

3.5.13.3.2 VFR Tracks (Heading)

WBKKR1 - PULAU SULUG ← 056° - 25NM - 236° → PULAU TIGA ← 021° - 10NM - 201° → KUALA PENYU

WBKKR2 - KEPAYAN ← 360° - 6NM - 180° → EAST OF KINARUT ← 028° - 3.5NM - 208° → EAST OF KAWANG ← 066° - 6NM - 246° EAST OF PAPAR 026° - 13NM - 206° - BONGAWAN

WBKKR3 - KEPAYAN ← 226° - 6NM - 046° → EAST OF INANAM ← 212°- 7NM - 032° → EAST OF TELIPOK

WBKKR4 - EAST OF TELIPOK ← 294° - 5NM - 114° → KAMPUNG KIULU ← 295° - 10NM - 115° → KAMPUNG BALABAKAN ← 295° - 14NM - 115° → RANAU

WBKKR5 - PULAU SULUG ← 179° - 4NM - 359° → WEST OF PULAU GAYA ← 226° - 6NM - 046° → WEST OF HILL 1040 ← 233° - 5NM - 053° →TANJONG DALIT ← 235° - 19NM - 055° → KOTA BELUD

3.5.13.3.3 The geographical reporting points used for VFR Lanes are as follows:-
NoGeographical PositionCoordinates Lat. / Long.
1West of Pulau Gaya055930N 1160030E
2Pulau Sulug055740N 1155930E
3Pulau Tiga054500N 1153930E
4Kuala Penyu053400N 1153600E
5Bongawan053220N 1155128E
61NM East of Papar054200N 1160100E
71NM East of Kawang054600N 1160300E
81NM East of Kinarut Town054906N 1160419E
9Kepayan055533N 1160330E
101NM East of Inanam Town055944N 1160905E
111NM East of Telipok060630N 1161230E
12Kampung Kiulu060342N 1161659E
13Kampung Balabakan060130N 1162714E
14Ranau 055730N 1164030E
15West of Hill 1040060635N 1160437E
16Tanjung Dalit060936N 1160830E
17Kota Belud062048N 1162352E
Figure 137. KOTA KINABALU VFR LANE CHART
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Figure 138. LABUAN VFR ROUTES AND VFR AREAS
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Figure 139. KUCHING VFR ROUTES AND VFR HOLDING AREAS
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