ENR 1.8   REGIONAL SUPPLEMENTARY PROCEDURES (DOC 7030)

1.8.1  WEATHER DEVIATION PROCEDURES

1.8.1.1  Introduction
1.8.1.1.1 RNP10 airspace has been designated within Oceanic Control Areas across the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea, as part of the revised ATS route structure - Asia to/from Europe/Middle East South of the Himalayas (EMARSSH Project) and also over the South China Sea.
1.8.1.1.2 The following procedures are intended to provide guidance for weather deviations in the Oceanic - controlled airspace of the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea, where the lateral separation between ATS routes within RNP airspace is 50 NM, and over the South China Sea where the lateral separation between ATS routes is 60 NM.
1.8.1.2  General
1.8.1.2.1 The procedures are intended to enhance ICAO Regional Supplementary Procedures (DOC 7030). However it must be recognised that all possible circumstances cannot be covered. Therefore, the pilot’s judgement shall ultimately determine the sequence of actions taken and ATC shall render all possible assistance.
1.8.1.2.2 If an aircraft is required to deviate from track to avoid weather and prior clearance cannot be obtained, an ATC clearance shall be obtained at the earliest possible time.
1.8.1.2.3 The pilot shall advise ATC when weather deviation is no longer required or when a weather deviation has been completed and the aircraft has returned to its cleared track.

1.8.2  KUALA LUMPUR FIR AND KOTA KINABALU WEATHER DEVIATION PROCEDURES

1.8.2.1  Obtaining Priority From ATC When Weather Deviation Is Required
1.8.2.1.1 When the pilot initiates communications with ATC, rapid response may be obtained by stating "WEATHER DEVIATION REQUIRED" to indicate that priority is desired on the frequency and for ATC response.
1.8.2.1.2 The pilot still retains the option of initiating the communications using the urgency call "PAN PAN" (preferably spoken three times) to alert all listening parties to a special handling condition which will receive ATC priority for issuance of a clearance or assistance.
1.8.2.2  Actions To Be Taken: Pilot-Controller Communications Are Established
1.8.2.2.1 The pilot notifies ATC and requests clearance to deviate from track, advising, when possible, the extent of the deviation expected.
1.8.2.2.2 The expected ATC actions will be one of the following:
  1. if there is no conflicting traffic in the horizontal plane, ATC will issue clearance to deviate from track; or

  2. if there is conflicting traffic in the horizontal plane, ATC separates aircraft by establishing appropriate separation; or

  3. if there is conflicting traffic in the horizontal plane and ATC is unable to establish appropriate separation, ATC shall:

    1. advise the pilot of inability to issue clearance for required deviation;

    2. advise the pilot of conflicting traffic; and

    3. request the pilot's intentions.

SAMPLE PHRASEOLOGY

"UNABLE (requested deviation), TRAFFIC IS (call sign, position, level, direction), ADVISE INTENTIONS"

1.8.2.2.3 The pilot will take the following actions:
  1. advise ATC of intentions; and

  2. comply with the ATC clearance issued; or

  3. execute the procedures in para 1.8.2.3 below (ATC will issue essential traffic information to all affected aircraft);and

  4. if necessary, establish voice communications with ATC to expedite dialogue on the situation.

1.8.2.3  Actions To Be Taken: If A Revised ATC Cannot Be Obtained
1.8.2.3.1 The provisions of this section apply to situations where a pilot has the need to exercise the authority of a pilot-in-command under the provisions of Annex 2, 2.3.1
1.8.2.3.2 If a revised ATC clearance cannot be obtained and deviation from track is required to avoid weather, the pilot shall take the following actions:
  1. establish communications with and alert nearby aircraft, broadcasting at suitable intervals-aircraft identification, flight level, position, ATS route designator and intentions, on the frequency in use and on frequency 121.5 MHz (or, as a back-up, on the VHF inter-pilot air-to-air frequency 123.45);

  2. watch for conflicting traffic both visually and by reference to ACAS/TCAS;

  3. turn on all aircraft exterior lights (commensurate with appropriate operating limitations);

  4. for deviations of less than 10 NM aircraft should remain at a level assigned by ATC;

  5. for deviations of greater than 10 NM, when the aircraft is approximately 10 NM from track,

  6. initiate a level change based on the following criteria:

    Route centre line trackDeviations greater than 10 NMLevel change
    EAST 000-179 Mag

    LEFT

    RIGHT

    DESCEND 300 FT

    CLIMB 300 FT

    WEST 180-359 Mag

    LEFT

    RIGHT

    CLIMB 300 FT

    DESCEND 300 FT

    Note: If, as a result of actions taken under the provisions of 1.8.2.3.2 a) and b) above the pilot determines that there is another aircraft at or near the same flight level with which a conflict may occur, then the pilot is expected to adjust the path of the aircraft, as necessary, to avoid conflict.

  7. when returning to track, be at its assigned flight level, when the aircraft is within approximately 10 NM of centre line; and.

  8. if contact was not established prior to deviating, continue to attempt to contact ATC to obtain a clearance.

  9. If contact was established, continue to keep ATC advised of intentions and obtain essential traffic information.

1.8.3   RVSM Procedures In The Kuala Lumpur And Kota Kinabalu FIR

1.8.3.1  IDENTIFICATION OF RVSM AIRSPACE IN KUALA LUMPUR FIR
1.8.3.1.1 RVSM airspace is prescribed within the Kuala Lumpur FIR within controlled airspace between FL290 and FL 410 (inclusive). RVSM levels will be assigned to RVSM approved aircraft operating on ATS/RNAV routes stated below:
  1. P574, N571 and P628 would be assigned the westbound levels FL300, FL340, FL360 (FL360 is subject to coordination), FL380 and FL400. All eastbound levels would be available except FL290.

  2. P627 and L645 would be assigned the westbound levels FL320 and FL360 (FL360 is subject to coordination). All eastbound levels would be available subject to coordination with FL290 as No-PDC.

  3. M751 would be assigned the westbound levels FL300, FL320, FL340, FL360, FL380 and FL400. All eastbound levels would be available except FL310 and FL390.

  4. In all other ATS/RNAV routes other than mentioned above, assignment of cruising levels are in accordance with the ICAO Table of Cruising Levels as published in ICAO Annex 2, Appendix 3, Table (a).

1.8.3.2  IDENTIFICATION OF RVSM AIRSPACE IN KOTA KINABALU FIR
1.8.3.2.1 RVSM airspace is prescribed within controlled airspace in the Kota Kinabalu FIR between FL290 and FL410 (inclusive).
1.8.3.2.2  RVSM Cruising Levels
  1. RVSM approved acft eastbound on ATS routes G460 (VKG - VSI - VBU - BRU) and G580 (VKG - VMH - VMY - BRU) shall be assigned FL290, FL310, FL330, FL350, FL370, FL390 and FL410.

  2. RVSM approved acft westbound on ATS routes G460 (BRU - VBU - VSI - VKG) and G580 (BRU - VMY- VMH - VKG) shall be assigned FL300, FL320, FL340, FL360, FL380 and FL400.

  3. RVSM approved acft eastbound on ATS route M768 (BRU-MAMOK) shall be assigned FL290, FL330, FL370 and FL410.

  4. RVSM approved acft westbound on ATS route M768 (BRU-MAMOK) shall be assigned FL300, FL340 and FL380.

  5. RVSM approved acft eastbound on ATS routes R223, P648, M522 (MAMOK-VJN) and M646 shall be assigned FL310, FL350 and FL390..

  6. RVSM approved acft westbound on ATS route P648 shall be assigned FL320, FL360, FL380 and FL400.

  7. RVSM approved acft westbound on ATS route B592 shall be assigned FL320, FL360, FL380 and FL400.

  8. RVSM approved acft westbound on ATS routes B584, A341, R223 and M646 shall be assigned FL320, FL360 and FL400.

  9. RVSM approved acft eastbound on ATS routes M754 and M522 (VJN-VINIK) shall be assigned FL300, FL340 and FL380.

  10. RVSM approved acft westbound on ATS routes M754 and M522 (VINIK-VJN) shall be assigned FL290, FL330, FL370 and FL410..

  11. RVSM approved acft westbound on ATS routes M754 and M522 shall be assigned FL290, FL330, FL370 and FL410.

  12. RVSM approved acft eastbound on ATS route M768 shall be assigned FL290, FL330, FL370 and FL410.

  13. RVSM approved acft westbound on ATS route M768 shall be assigned FL300, FL340 and FL380.

  14. RVSM approved acft eastbound on ATS routes M758, M759, M761, M646 and G580 (ATETI - VKG) shall be assigned FL290, FL330, FL370 and FL410.

  15. RVSM approved acft westbound on ATS routes M758, M759, M761, M646 and G580 (VKG - ATETI) shall be assigned FL300, FL340 and FL380.

  16. RVSM approved acft eastbound on ATS route M772 shall be assigned FL300 and FL380.

    1. Other levels are available subject to prior coordination between the parties concerned.

1.8.3.3  AIRWORTHINESS AND OPERATIONAL APPROVAL AND MONITORING
1.8.3.3.1 Operators must obtain airworthiness and operational approval from the State of Registry or State of the Operator, as appropriate, to conduct RVSM operations.
1.8.3.3.2 Operators are required to participate in the RVSM aircraft monitoring program. This is an essential element of the RVSM implementation program in that it confirms that the aircraft altitude-keeping performance standard is being met. The Monitoring Agency for Asia Region (MAAR) will process the results of monitoring. For further information on RVSM monitoring, the MAAR web site can be accessed by:
  1. Accessing the "Monitoring Program" section of the MAAR website or

  2. Using the Internet address for MAAR is http://www.aerothai.co.th/maar

1.8.3.3.3 Monitoring accomplished for other regions can be used to fulfill the monitoring requirements for the Asia/Pacific region. The MAAR will coordinate with other monitoring agencies to access this information. There are several organizations world-wide who may be able to perform monitoring services in the Asia/Pacific region. Operators should contact the MAAR for confirmation that a monitoring contractor is acceptable for the submission of monitoring data.
1.8.3.4  ACAS II AND TRANSPONDER EQUIPAGE
1.8.3.4.1 The ICAO Asia/Pacific RVSM Implementation Task Force recommends that those aircraft equipped with ACAS and operated in RVSM airspace be equipped with ACAS II. (TCAS II systems with Version 7.0 incorporated meet ICAO ACAS II standards).
1.8.3.4.2 Operators must take action to inform themselves of ACAS II equipage requirements and plan for compliance. ICAO and individual States have established policies requiring ACAS II equipage and schedules for compliance. In addition, the APANPIRG has endorsed early ACAS II equipage in the region.
1.8.3.4.3 ICAO Annex 6, Part II, states that, starting 1 January 2000, International General Aviation (IGA) airplanes should have been equipped with a pressure altitude reporting transponder certified by the appropriate State authority as meeting the provisions of Annex 10.
1.8.3.5  IN-FLIGHT PROCEDURES WITHIN RVSM AIRSPACE
1.8.3.5.1 Before entering RVSM airspace, the pilot should review the status of required equipment. The following equipment should be operating normally:
  1. two primary altimetry systems;

  2. one automatic altitude-keeping device;

  3. one altitude-alerting device; and

  4. one altitude reporting transponder.

1.8.3.5.2 The pilot must notify ATC whenever the aircraft:
  1. is no longer RVSM compliant due to equipment failure; or

  2. experiences loss of redundancy of altimetry systems; or

  3. encounters turbulence that affects the capability to maintain flight level.

1.8.3.5.3 During cleared transition between levels, the aircraft should not overshoot or undershoot the assigned FL by more than 150 FT (45 M).
1.8.3.5.4 Except in an ADS or radar environment, pilots shall report reaching any altitude assigned within RVSM airspace.
1.8.3.5.5 Paragraphs 1.9.7.6, 1.9.7.7, 1.9.7.8 and 1.9.7.9 below contain procedures for in-flight contingencies that have been updated for RVSM operations. The contingency procedures in paragraphs 1.9.7.6 to 1.9.7.7 and the off-set procedures in paragraph 1.9.7.9 should be applied in Oceanic operations. The weather deviation procedures in paragraph 1.79.7.8 may be applied in all airspace in the region.
1.8.3.6  SPECIAL PROCEDURES FOR IN-FLIGHT CONTINGENCIES IN OCEANIC AIRSPACE IN THE KUALA LUMPUR FIR
1.8.3.6.1  General Procedures
1.8.3.6.1.1 The following general procedures apply to both subsonic and supersonic aircraft and are intended as guidance only. Although all possible contingencies cannot be covered, they provide for cases of inability to maintain assigned level due to:
  1. weather;

  2. aircraft performance;

  3. pressurization failure; and

  4. problems associated with high-level supersonic flight.

1.8.3.6.1.2 The procedures are applicable primarily when rapid descent and/or turn-back or diversion to an alternate airport is required. The pilot's judgment shall determine the sequence of actions to be taken, taking into account specific circumstances.
1.8.3.6.1.3 If an aircraft is unable to continue flight in accordance with its air traffic control clearance, a revised clearance shall, whenever possible, be obtained prior to initiating any action, using a distress or urgency signal as appropriate.
1.8.3.6.1.4 If prior clearance cannot be obtained, an ATC clearance shall be obtained at the earliest possible time and, until a revised clearance is received, the pilot shall:
  1. if possible, deviate away from an organized track or route system;

  2. establish communications with and alert nearby aircraft by broadcasting, at suitable intervals: flight identification, flight level, aircraft position, (including the ATS route designator or the track code) and intentions on the frequency in use, as well as on frequency 121.5 MHz (or, as a back-up, the VHF inter pilot air-to-air frequency 123.45 MHz);

  3. watch for conflicting traffic both visually and by reference to ACAS; and

  4. turn on all aircraft exterior lights (commensurate with appropriate operating limitations).

1.8.3.7  IN-FLIGHT CONTINGENCY PROCEDURES FOR SUBSONIC AIRCRAFT REQUIRING RAPID DESCENT, TURN-BACK OR DIVERSION IN OCEANIC AIRSPACE IN THE KUALA LUMPUR FIR.
1.8.3.7.1  Initial Action
1.8.3.7.1.1 If unable to comply with the provisions of paragraph 1.9.7.6.1.3 to obtain a revised ATC clearance, the aircraft should leave its assigned route or track by turning 90 degrees right or left whenever this is possible. The direction of the turn should be determined by the position of the aircraft relative to any organized route or track system (for example, whether the aircraft is outside, at the edge of, or within the system). Other factors to consider are terrain clearance and the levels allocated to adjacent routes or tracks.
1.8.3.7.2  Subsequent Action
1.8.3.7.2.1 An aircraft able to maintain its assigned level should acquire and maintain in either direction a track laterally separated by 15 NM from its assigned route or track and once established on the offset track, climb or descend 500 FT (150 M).
1.8.3.7.2.2 An aircraft NOT able to maintain its assigned level should, whenever possible, minimize its rate of descent while turning to acquire and maintain in either direction a track laterally separated by 15 NM from its assigned route or track. For subsequent level flight, a level should be selected which differs by 500 FT (150 M) from those normally used.
1.8.3.7.2.3 Before commencing a diversion across the flow of adjacent traffic, the aircraft should, while maintaining the 15 NM offset, expedite climb above or descent below levels where the majority of aircraft operate (e.g., to a level above FL 400 or below FL 290) and then maintain a level which differs by 500 FT (150 M) from those normally used. However, if the pilot is unable or unwilling to carry out a major climb or descent, the aircraft should be flown at a level 500 FT above or below levels normally used until a new ATC clearance is obtained.
1.8.3.7.2.4 If these contingency procedures are employed by a twin-engine aircraft as a result of an engine shutdown or a failure of an ETOPS critical system, the pilot should advise ATC as soon as practicable of the situation, reminding ATC of the type of aircraft involved and requesting expeditious handling.
1.8.3.8  WEATHER DEVIATION PROCEDURES
1.8.3.8.1  General Procedures
1.8.3.8.1.1 The following procedures are intended to provide guidance. All possible circumstances cannot be covered. The pilot’s judgment shall ultimately determine the sequence of actions taken and ATC shall render all possible assistance.
1.8.3.8.1.2 If the aircraft is required to deviate from track to avoid weather and prior clearance cannot be obtained, an air traffic control clearance shall be obtained at the earliest possible time. In the meantime, the aircraft shall follow the procedures detailed in paragraph 1.9.7.8.2.2 below.
1.8.3.8.1.3 The pilot shall advise ATC when weather deviation is no longer required, or when a weather deviation has been completed and the aircraft has returned to the centreline of its cleared route.
1.8.3.8.1.4 When the pilot initiates communications with ATC, rapid response may be obtained by stating "WEATHER DEVIATION REQUIRED" to indicate that priority is desired on the frequency and for ATC response.
1.8.3.8.1.5 The pilot still retains the option of initiating the communications using the urgency call "PAN PAN" to alert all listening parties to a special handling condition, which may receive ATC priority for issuance of a clearance or assistance.
1.8.3.8.1.6 When controller-pilot communications are established, the pilot shall notify ATC and request clearance to deviate from track, advising, when possible, the extent of the deviation expected. ATC will take one of the following actions:
  1. if there is no conflicting traffic in the horizontal dimension, ATC will issue clearance to deviate from track; or

  2. if there is conflicting traffic in the horizontal dimension, ATC will separate aircraft by establishing vertical separation or, if unable to establish vertical separation, ATC shall:

    1. advise the pilot unable to issue clearance for requested deviation;

    2. advise pilot of conflicting traffic;

    3. request pilot’s intentions.

SAMPLE PHRASEOLOGY:

“Unable (requested deviation), traffic is (call sign, position, altitude, direction), advise intentions.”

1.8.3.8.1.7 The pilot will take the following actions:
  1. Advise ATC of intentions by the most expeditious means available;

  2. Comply with air traffic control clearance issued or

  3. Execute the procedures detailed in 7.8.2.2 below. (ATC will issue essential traffic information to all affected aircraft);

  4. If necessary, establish voice communications with ATC to expedite dialogue on the situation.

1.8.3.8.2  Actions to be taken if a revised air traffic control clearance cannot be obtained
1.8.3.8.2.1 The pilot shall take the actions listed below under the provision that the pilot may deviate from rules of the air (e.g. the requirement to operate on route or track centreline unless otherwise directed by ATC), when it is absolutely necessary in the interests of safety to do so.
1.8.3.8.2.2 If a revised air traffic control clearance cannot be obtained and deviation from track is required to avoid weather, the pilot shall take the following actions:
  1. if possible, deviate away from an organized track or route system;

  2. establish communication with and alert nearby aircraft by broadcasting, at suitable intervals: flight identification, flight level, aircraft position (including the ATS route designator or the track code) and intentions (including the magnitude of the deviation expected) on the frequency in use, as well as on frequency 121.5 MHz (or, as a back-up, the VHF inter-pilot air-to-air frequency 123.45 MHz);

  3. watch for conflicting traffic both visually and by reference to ACAS (if equipped);

  4. turn on all aircraft exterior lights (commensurate with appropriate operating limitations);

  5. for deviations of less than 10NM, aircraft should remain at the level assigned by ATC;

  6. for deviations of greater than 10NM, when the aircraft is approximately 10 NM from track, initiate a level change based on the following criteria:

    Route centreline trackDeviations great than 10 NMLevel change

    EAST

    000-179 magnetic

    LEFT

    RIGHT

    DESCEND 300 FT

    CLIMB 300 FT

    WEST

    180-359 magnetic

    LEFT

    RIGHT

    CLIMB 300 FT

    DESCEND 300 FT

    Note: Items (b) and (c) above calls for the pilot to broadcast aircraft position and pilot’s intentions, identify conflicting traffic and communicate air-to-air with near-by aircraft. If the pilot determines that there is another aircraft at or near the same FL with which his aircraft might conflict, then the pilot is expected to adjust the path of the aircraft, as necessary, to avoid conflict.

  7. if contact was not established prior to deviating, continue to attempt to contact ATC to obtain a clearance. If contact was established, continue to keep ATC advised of intentions and obtain essential traffic information;

  8. when returning to track, be at its assigned flight level, when the aircraft is within approximately 10NM of centreline.

1.8.3.9  STRATEGIC LATERAL OFFSET PROCEDURES TO MITIGATE THE EFFECTS OF WAKE TURBULENCE OF PRECEDING AIRCRAFT IN NON-RADAR OCEANIC AIRSPACE WITHIN KUALA LUMPUR FIR
1.8.3.9.1 These offsets are only applicable in the non-radar oceanic airspace within the Kuala Lumpur FIR along the following route segments:
  1. P628 between GIVAL and IGREX

  2. L510 between GIVAL and EMRAN

  3. N571 between VAMPI and IGOGU

  4. P574 between ANSAX and NOPEK

  5. P627 between RUSET and POVUS

1.8.3.9.2 The offset procedures are applied by aircraft with automatic offset tracking capability.
1.8.3.9.3 The following requirements apply to the use of the offset:
  1. The decision to apply a strategic lateral offset is the responsibility of the crew.

  2. The offset shall be established at a distance of one or two nautical miles to the right of the centre line relative to the direction of flight.

  3. The strategic lateral offset procedure has been designed to include offsets to mitigate the effects of wake turbulence of preceding aircraft. If wake turbulence needs to be avoided, one of the three available options (centerline, 1NM or 2NM right offset) shall be used.

  4. In airspace where the use of lateral offsets has been authorized, pilots are not required to inform air traffic control (ATC) that an offset is being applied.

  5. Aircraft transiting through airspace other than specified in para 1.9.7.9.1, the offset tracking is permitted once ATC clearance is obtained from the ATS unit.

1.8.3.10  FLIGHT PLANNING REQUIREMENTS
1.8.3.10.1 Unless special arrangement is made as detailed below, RVSM approval is required for operators and aircraft to operate within designated RVSM airspace. The operator must determine that the appropriate State authority has granted them RVSM operational approval and they will meet the RVSM requirements for the filed route of flight and any planned alternate routes.
1.8.3.10.2  Operators of formation flights of State aircraft shall not insert the letter W in item 10 of the ICAO flight plan form, regardless of the RVSM approval status of the aircraft concerned. Operators of formation flights of state aircraft intending to operate within the RVSM airspace shall include STS/Non-RVSM in item 18 of the ICAO flight plan form.
1.8.3.11  PROCEDURES FOR OPERATION OF NON-RVSM COMPLIANT AIRCRAFT IN RVSM AIRSPACE
1.8.3.11.1 It should be noted that RVSM approved aircraft will be given priority for level allocation over non-RVSM approved aircraft.
1.8.3.11.2 The vertical separation minimum between non-RVSM aircraft operating in the RVSM stratum and all other aircraft is 2,000 FT.
1.8.3.11.3 Non-RVSM compliant aircraft operating in RVSM airspace should use the phraseology contained in page ENR 1.9 - 22 and ENR 1.9 - 23.
1.8.3.11.4 Non-RVSM compliant aircraft may be cleared to climb to and operate above FL290 or descend to and operate below FL410 provided that they:
  1. Do not climb or descend at less than the normal rate for the aircraft; and

  2. Do not level off at an intermediate level while passing through the RVSM stratum.

1.8.3.11.5 Non-RVSM compliant aircraft may not flight plan between FL290 and FL410 inclusive within RVSM airspace except for the following situations:
  1. The aircraft is being initially delivered to the State of Registry or Operator; or

  2. The aircraft was RVSM approved but has experienced an equipment failure and is being flown to a maintenance facility for repair in order to meet RVSM requirements and/or obtain approval; or

  3. The aircraft is transporting a spare engine mounted under the wing; or

  4. The aircraft is being utilized for mercy or humanitarian purposes; or

  5. State aircraft (those aircraft used in military, custom and police services shall be deemed state aircraft)

Note: The procedures are intended exclusively for the purposes indicated and not as a means to circumvent the normal RVSM approval process.

1.8.3.11.5.1 The assignment of cruising levels to non-RVSM compliant acft listed in para 1.9.7.11.5 a) to e) shall be subject to an ATC clearance. Aircraft operators shall include the “STS / Category of Operations (i.e. FERRY /HUMANITARIAN /MILITARY/CUSTOM/POLICE) / NON-RVSM COMPLIANT” in Field 18 of the ICAO Flight Plan.
1.8.3.11.5.2 Where necessary, the Air Traffic Control Centre may be contacted as follows:
Post:

Kuala Lumpur Area Control Centre

Tel: +(60) 3 - 85291242, +(60) 3 - 85291245

AFS:  WMFCZQZX

Fax: +(60) 3 - 85291240

Post:

Kota Kinabalu Area Control Centre

Tel:  6088 - 224404

AFS:  WBFCZQZX

Fax:  6088 - 219170

1.8.3.12  DELIVERY FLIGHTS FOR AIRCRAFT THAT ARE RVSM COMPLIANT ON DELIVERY
1.8.3.12.1 An aircraft that is RVSM compliant on delivery may operate in RVSM airspace provided that the crew is trained on RVSM policies and procedures applicable in the airspace and the responsible State issues the operator a letter of authorization approving the operation. State notification to the MAAR should be in the form of a letter, e-mail or fax documenting the one-time flight. The planned date of the flight, flight identification, registration number and aircraft type/series should be included. Fax number: 603-88891541 AFTN: WMKKYAYX
1.8.3.13  PROCEDURES FOR SUSPENSION OF RVSM
1.8.3.13.1 Air traffic services will consider suspending RVSM procedures within affected areas of the Kuala Lumpur FIR and Kota Kinabalu FIR when there are pilot reports of greater than moderate turbulence. Within areas where RVSM procedures are suspended, the vertical separation minimum between all aircraft will be 2,000 FT.
1.8.3.14  GUIDANCE FOR PILOTS AND CONTROLLERS FOR ACTIONS IN THE EVENT OF AIRCRAFT SYSTEM MALFUNCTION OR TURBULENCE GREATER THAN MODERATE
1.8.3.14.1 See page ENR 1.9 - 15 to ENR 1.9 - 17 for guidance in these circumstances.
1.8.3.15  PROCEDURES FOR AIR-GROUND COMMUNICATION FAILURE
1.8.3.15.1 The air-ground communication failure procedures specified in AIP ENR 1.6 - 3 in conjunction with ICAO PANS-ATM Doc 4444 should be applied.

CONTINGENCY SCENARIOS

The following paragraphs summarize pilot actions to mitigate the potential for conflict with other aircraft in certain contingency situations. They should be reviewed in conjunction with the expanded contingency scenarios detailed below which contain additional technical and operational detail.

Scenario 1: The pilot is:

  1. unsure of the vertical position of the aircraft due to the loss or degradation of all primary altimetry systems, or

  2. unsure of the capability to maintain cleared flight level (CFL) due to turbulence or loss of all automatic altitude control systems.

The Pilot should: ATC can be expected to:
Maintain CFL while evaluating the situation; 
Watch for conflicting traffic both visually and by reference to ACAS, if equipped; 

If considered necessary, alert nearby aircraft by

a) making maximum use of exterior lights;

b) broadcasting position, FL, and intentions on 121.5 MHz (as a back-up, the VHF inter-pilot air-to-air frequency, 123.45MHz, may be used).

 
Notify ATC of the situation and intended course of action. Possible courses of action include:Obtain the pilot's intentions and pass essential traffic information.
a) maintaining the CFL and route provided that ATC can provide lateral, longitudinal or conventional vertical separation.a) If the pilot intends to continue in RVSM airspace, assess traffic situation to determine if the aircraft can be accommodated through the provision of lateral, longitudinal, or conventional vertical separation, and if so, apply the appropriate minimum.
b) requesting ATC clearance to climb above or descend below RVSM airspace if the aircraft cannot maintain CFL and ATC cannot establish adequate separation from other aircraft.b) If the pilot requests clearance to exit RVSM airspace, accommodate expeditiously, if possible.
c) executing the contingency manoeuvre shown in paragraphs 1.9.7.6 and 1.9.7.7 to offset from the assigned track and FL, if ATC clearance cannot be obtained and the aircraft cannot maintain CFL.c) If adequate separation cannot be established and it is not possible to comply with the pilot's request for clearance to exit RVSM airspace, advise the pilot of essential traffic information, notify other aircraft in the vicinity and continue to monitor the situation.
 d) Notify adjoining ATC facilities/sectors of the situation.

Scenario 2: There is a failure or loss of accuracy of one primary altimetry system (e.g., greater than 200 feet difference between primary altimeters)

The Pilot should
Cross check standby altimeter, confirm the accuracy of a primary altimeter system and notify ATC of the loss of redundancy. If unable to confirm primary altimeter system accuracy, follow pilot actions listed in the preceding scenario.

EXPANDED EQUIPMENT FAILURE AND TURBULENCE ENCOUNTER SCENARIOS

Operators may consider this material for use in training programs.

Scenario 1: All automatic altitude control systems fail (e.g., Automatic Altitude Hold).

The Pilot should ATC can be expected to
Initially  
Maintain CFL 
Evaluate the aircraft's capability to maintain altitude through manual control. 
Subsequently  
Watch for conflicting traffic both visually and by reference to ACAS, if equipped. 

If considered necessary, alert nearby aircraft by

a) making maximum use of exterior lights;

b) broadcasting position, FL, and intentions on 121.5MHz (as a back-up, the VHF inter-pilot air-to-air frequency, 123.45MHz, may be used.)

 
Notify ATC of the failure and intended course of action. Possible courses of action include: 
a) maintaining the CFL and route, provided that the aircraft can maintain level.a) If the pilot intends to continue in RVSM airspace, assess traffic situation to determine if the aircraft can be accommodated through the provision of lateral, longitudinal, or conventional vertical separation, and if so, apply the appropriate minimum.
b) requesting ATC clearance to climb above or descend below RVSM airspace if the aircraft cannot maintain CFL and ATC cannot establish lateral, longitudinal or conventional vertical separation.b) If the pilot requests clearance to exit RVSM airspace, accommodate expeditiously, if possible.
c) executing the contingency manoeuvre shown in paragraphs 1.9.7.6 and 1.9.7.7 to offset from the assigned track and FL, if ATC clearance cannot be obtained and the aircraft cannot maintain CFL.c) If adequate separation cannot be established and it is not possible to comply with the pilot's request for clearance to exit RVSM airspace, advise the pilot of essential traffic information, notify other aircraft in the vicinity and continue to monitor the situation.
 d) Notify adjoining ATC facilities/ sectors of the situation.

Scenario 2: Loss of redundancy in primary altimetry systems

The Pilot should ATC can be expected to
If the remaining altimetry system is functioning normally, couple that system to the automatic altitude control system, notify ATC of the loss of redundancy and maintain vigilance of altitude keeping.Acknowledge the situation and continue to monitor progress

Scenario 3: All primary altimetry systems are considered unreliable or fail

The Pilot shouldATC can be expected to
Maintain CFL by reference to the standby altimeter (if the aircraft is so equipped). 

Alert nearby aircraft by

a) making maximum use of exterior lights;

b) broadcasting position, FL, and intentions on 121.5 MHz (as a back-up, the VHF inter-pilot air-to-air frequency, 123.45MHz, may be used).

 
Consider declaring an emergency. Notify ATC of the failure and intended course of action. Possible courses of action include:Obtain pilot's intentions, and pass essential traffic information.
a) maintaining CFL and route provided that ATC can provide lateral, longitudinal or conventional vertical separation.a) If the pilot intends to continue in RVSM airspace, assess traffic situation to determine if the aircraft can be accommodated through the provision of lateral, longitudinal, or conventional vertical separation, and if so, apply the appropriate minimum.
b) requesting ATC clearance to climb above or descend below RVSM airspace if ATC cannot establish adequate separation from other aircraft.b) If the pilot requests clearance to exit RVSM airspace, accommodate expeditiously, if possible.
c) executing the contingency manoeuvre shown in paragraphs 1.9.7.6 and 1.9.7.7 to offset from the assigned track and FL, if ATC clearance cannot be obtained.c) If adequate separation cannot be established and it is not possible to comply with the pilot's request for clearance to exit RVSM airspace, advise the pilot of essential traffic information, notify other aircraft in the vicinity and continue to monitor the situation.
 d) Notify adjoining ATC facilities/sectors of the situation.

Scenario 4: The primary altimeters diverge by more than 200 FT (60 M)

The Pilot should
Attempt to determine the defective system through established trouble-shooting procedures and/or comparing the primary altimeter displace to the standby altimeter (as corrected by the correction cards, if required).
If the defective system can be determined, couple the functioning altimeter system to the altitude-keeping device.
If the defective system cannot be determined, follow the guidance in Scenario 3 for failure or unreliable altimeter indications of all primary altimeters.

Scenario 5: Turbulence (greater than moderate) which the pilot believes will impact the aircraft's capability to maintain flight level.

The Pilot shouldATC can be expected to
Watch for conflicting traffic both visually and by reference to ACAS, if equipped. 

If considered necessary, alert nearby aircraft by:

a) making maximum use of exterior lights;

b) broadcasting position, FL, and intentions on121.5 MHz (as a back-up, the VHF inter-pilot air-to-air frequency, 123.45MHz, may be used).

 
Notify ATC of intended course of action as soon as possible. Possible courses of action include: 
a) maintaining CFL and route provided ATC can provide lateral, longitudinal or conventional vertical separation.a) Assess traffic situation to determine if the aircraft can be accommodated through the provision of lateral, longitudinal, or conventional vertical separation, and if so, apply the appropriate minimum.
b) requesting flight level change, if necessary.b) If unable to provide adequate separation, advise the pilot of essential traffic information and request pilot's intentions.
c) executing the contingency manoeuvre shown in paragraphs 5.6 and 5.7 to offset from the assigned track and FL, if ATC clearance cannot be obtained and the aircraft cannot maintain CFL.c) Notify other aircraft in the vicinity and monitor the situation.
 d) Notify adjoining ATC facilities/ sectors of the situation.

PHRASEOLOGY RELATED TO RVSM OPERATIONS

Controller-Pilot Phraseology:

PhraseologyMessage
(call sign) CONFIRM RVSM APPROVEDFor a controller to ascertain the RVSM approval status of an aircraft.
NEGATIVE RVSM*

For a pilot to report non-RVSM approval status:

  1. On the initial call on any frequency within the RVSM airspace (controllers shall provide a read-back with this same phrase), and

  2. In all requests for flight level changes pertaining to flight levels within the RVSM airspace; and

  3. In all read-backs of flight level clearances pertaining to flight levels within the RVSM airspace.

Additionally, except for State aircraft, pilots shall include this RTF phrase to read-back flight level clearances involving the vertical transit through FL 290 or FL 410.

AFFIRM RVSM* For a pilot to report RVSM approval status.
NEGATIVE RVSM STATE AIRCRAFT* For a pilot of a non-RVSM approved State aircraft to report non-RVSM approval status in response to the RTF phrase (call sign) CONFIRM RVSM APPROVED.
(call sign) UNABLE CLEARANCE INTO RVSM AIRSPACE, MAINTAIN [or DESCEND TO, or CLIMB TO] FLIGHT LEVEL (number)Denial of clearance into the RVSM airspace.
UNABLE RVSM DUE TURBULENCE* For a pilot to report when severe turbulence affects the aircraft’s capability to maintain the height-keeping requirements for RVSM.
UNABLE RVSM DUE EQUIPMENT*

For a pilot to report that the aircraft’s equipment has degraded below that required for flight within the RVSM airspace.

(This phrase is to be used to convey both the initial indication of the non-MASPS compliance, and henceforth, on initial contact on all frequencies within the lateral limits of the RVSM airspace until such time as the problem ceases to exist, or the aircraft has exited the RVSM airspace.)

READY TO RESUME RVSM* For a pilot to report the ability to resume operations within the RVSM airspace after an equipment or weather-related contingency.
REPORT ABLE TO RESUME RVSM For a controller to confirm that an aircraft has regained its RVSM approval status or to confirm that the pilot is ready to resume RVSM operations.

* indicates a pilot transmission

Example 1: A non-RVSM approved aircraft, maintaining FL 260, subsequently requests a climb to FL 320.

Pilot: (call sign) REQUEST FL 320, NEGATIVE RVSM

Controller: (call sign) CLIMB TO FL 320

Pilot: (call sign) CLIMB TO FL 320, NEGATIVE RVSM

Example 2: A non-RVSM approved aircraft, maintaining FL 260, subsequently requests a climb to FL 430.

Pilot: (call sign) REQUEST FL 430, NEGATIVE RVSM

Controller: (call sign) CLIMB TO FL 430

Pilot: (call sign) CLIMB TO FL 430, NEGATIVE RVSM

Example 3: A non-RVSM approved aircraft, maintaining FL 360, subsequently requests a climb to FL 380.

Pilot: (call sign) REQUEST FL 380, NEGATIVE RVSM

Controller: (call sign) CLIMB TO FL 380

Pilot: (call sign) CLIMB TO FL 380, NEGATIVE RVSM

Example 4: A non-RVSM approved civil aircraft maintaining FL 280, subsequently requests a climb to FL 320.

Pilot: (call sign) REQUEST FL 320, NEGATIVE RVSM

Controller: (call sign) UNABLE CLEARANCE INTO RVSM AIRSPACE, MAINTAIN FL 280

Coordination between ATS units:

MessagePhraseology
To verbally supplement an automated estimate message exchange which does not automatically transfer Item 18 flight plan information.NEGATIVE RVSM or NEGATIVE RVSM STATE AIRCRAFT [as applicable]
To verbally supplement estimate messages of non-RVSM approved aircraft.NEGATIVE RVSM or NEGATIVE RVSM STATE AIRCRAFT [as applicable]
To communicate the cause of a contingency relating to an aircraft that is unable to conduct RVSM operations due to severe turbulence or other severe weather-related phenomenon [or equipment failure, as applicable].UNABLE RVSM DUE TURBULENCE [or EQUIPMENT, as applicable]

1.8.4  RNP 10 NAVIGATION REQUIREMENTS

1.8.4.1  INTRODUCTION
1.8.4.1.1 ATC will apply 50 NM longitudinal separation minima between suitably equipped aircraft which are approved for RNP 10 operations and FANS 1/A compatible aircraft (which are compliant to RCTA DO-258A or ED EUROCAE 100A) on RNAV routes in which fall within the Kuala Lumpur FIR:
  1. L510 - between EMRAN and GIVAL

  2. N571 - between IGOGU and VAMPI

  3. P574 - between NOPEK and ANSAX

  4. P628 - between IGREX and GIVAL

1.8.4.1.2 Pilots are to advise ATC of any deterioration or failure of navigation system below the navigation requirements for RNP 10 or failure of its data link airborne equipment. ATC shall where appropriate provide alternate separation and/or alternative routing.
1.8.4.1.3  Pilots of aircraft meeting RNP 10 navigation requirements are to indicate ‘R’ in Item 10 of the ICAO Flight Plan.
1.8.4.2  LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION MINIMA
1.8.4.2.1 10 minutes or 80 NM RNAV distance based separation based on Mach Number Technique (MNT) between RNP 10 equipped aircraft shall be applied between aircraft.
1.8.4.2.2 50 NM longitudinal separation will be applied only between RNP 10 approved aircraft equipped with FANS 1 A which successfully able to LOGON to Kuala Lumpur CPDLC (WMFC) when outside VHF coverage; or where a direct controller pilot communication (DCPC) exists.
1.8.4.2.3 Differential Mach Number Technique (MNT) separation minima shall not be applied for RNAV distance based 80/50 NM.
1.8.4.2.4 The mixed mode of 80 NM and 50 NM RNAV distance based longitudinal separation and 10 minutes time based separation minima shall be in practice until such time the DCPC requirements are fully met in the area under consideration.
1.8.4.2.5 15 minutes time based separation shall be applicable between aircraft on crossing tracks.
1.8.4.3  OPERATIONS BY AIRCRAFT NOT MEETING RNP 10 REQUIREMENTS
1.8.4.3.1 An aircraft that is unable to meet the minimum navigational requirements for RNP 10 must file flight plan at or below the minimum flight level of the route. However operations of these aircraft above the minimum level will be subject to ATC approval, and in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 1.8.5.3.2 and if not approved, will be required to file a flight plan to operate via alternate route.
1.8.4.3.2 ATC units receiving a request for a non-RNP 10 approved aircraft to operate on ATS routes specified in paragraph 1.8.5.1.1(i), 1.8.5.1.1(ii), 1.8.5.1.1(iii) and 1.8.5.1.1 (iv) at or above FL280, will coordinate with adjacent ATC units affected by the flight. In deciding whether or not to approve the flight, each ATC unit will take into consideration:
  1. Traffic density;

  2. Communications, including non-availability of normal communication facilities;

  3. Weather conditions en-route;

  4. Restrictions notified from time to time for the route;

  5. Other factors pertinent at that time.

1.8.4.4  MONITORING OF AIRCRAFT NAVIGATION PERFORMANCE
1.8.4.4.1 Monitoring of aircraft navigation performance is a joint responsibility between Operators, States of Registry or States of Operators (as applicable), regulatory authorities and the ATS providers. The detection and reporting of non-conformance with the navigation requirements against the following parameters will rely primarily on monitoring by ATC units.
1.8.4.4.2 Large Lateral Deviation (LLD):

LLD is classified as any deviation of 15 NM or more to the left or right of the current flight-plan track.

1.8.4.4.3 Large Longitudinal Error (LLE):
1.8.4.4.3.1 Any unexpected change in longitudinal separation between an aircraft pair, or for an individual aircraft the difference between an estimate for a given fix and the actual time of arrival over that fix, as applicable, in accordance with the criteria set out below:
Type of ErrorCategory of ErrorCriterion for Reporting
LateralDeviationIndividual-aircraft error15 NM or greater magnitude
LongitudinalDeviationAircraft-pair (Time-based separation applied)Infringement of longitudinal separation standard based on routine position reports
LongitudinalDeviationAircraft-pair (Time-based separation applied)Expected time between two aircraft varies by 3 minutes or more based on routine position reports
LongitudinalDeviationIndividual aircraft (Time-based separation applied)Pilot estimate varies by 3 minutes or more from that advise in a routing position report
LongitudinalDeviationAircraft-pair (Distance-basedseparation applied)Infringement of longitudinal separation Deviation (Distance-based separation applied) standard, based on ADS, radar measurement or special request for RNAV position report
LongitudinalDeviationAircraft-pair (Distance-basedseparation applied)Expected distance between an aircraft Deviation (Distance-based separation applied) pair varies by 10 NM or more, even if separation standard is not infringed, based on ADS, radar measurement orspecial request for RNAV position report
1.8.4.5  OPERATORS PROCEDURES
1.8.4.5.1 The operator shall ensure that in-flight procedures, crew manuals and training programmes are established in accordance with RNP 10 navigation requirements.

1.8.5  No Pre-Departure Coordination (No PDC) Procedure

1.8.5.1  INTRODUCTION
1.8.5.1.1 No Pre-Departure Coordination (No PDC) procedures apply to flights departing from airports within the Bali, Bangkok, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh, Hong Kong, Jakarta, Kota Kinabalu (including Brunei), Kuala Lumpur, Manila, Phnom Pehn, Singapore, Taipeh and Vientiane FIRs, as well as Sanyo AOR on RNAV and ATS routes.
1.8.5.2  NO PDC FLIGHT LEVEL ALLOCATION IN KUALA LUMPUR FIR
1.8.5.2.1 Flights participating in the No PDC arrangement will be allocated specific flight levels depending on the flight planned route as indicated in the table below:
RouteAllocated No PDC Flight LevelsRemarks
A464FL290For south bound traffic up to ATVIX
A576FL290For south bound traffic up to AKTOD
B470FL290For south bound traffic up to ANITO
G334FL250, FL270For east bound traffic
FL260, FL280For west bound traffic
L625FL310, FL320, FL350, FL360, FL390, FL400Uni-directional eastbound
L642FL310, FL320, FL350, FL360, FL390, FL400Uni-directional westbound
L759FL280

Aircraft requesting FL280 and FL300 will be cleared for FL280. Succeeding aircraft on the same route will be cleared to FL280 with 10 min longitudinal separation provided there is no closing speed with the preceding aircraft. Additional longitudinal separation as appropriate shall be provided by ATC for the faster aircraft following a slower aircraft on the same route.

The first aircraft from either Singapore or Kuala Lumpur to be over Kuala Lumpur/Bangkok FIR boundry can expect its requested level.

M751All flight levelsFor flights to / from airports within Bangkok FIR
M758FL270, FL290, FL330For east bound traffic
FL280, FL300, FL340For west bound traffic
M761FL270, FL290, FL330For east bound traffic
FL280, FL300, FL340For west bound traffic
M765FL290, FL370For east bound traffic
FL280, FL340For west bound traffic
M770FL280

Aircraft requesting FL280 and FL300 will be cleared to FL280. Succeeding aircraft on the same route will be cleared to FL280 with 10 min longitudinal separation provided there is no closing speed with the preceding aircraft. Additional longitudinal separation as appropriate shall be provided by ATC for the faster aircraft following a slower aircraft on the same route.

The first aircraft from either Singapore or Kuala Lumpur/Bangkok FIR boundary can expect its requested level.

M771FL310, FL320, FL350, FL360, FL390, FL400Uni-directional eastbound
N571
FL280

Aircraft requesting FL280 and FL300 will be cleared to FL280. Succeeding aircraft on the same route will be cleared to FL280 with 10 min longitudinal separation provided there is no closing speed with the preceding aircraft. Additional longitudinal separation as appropriate shall be provided by ATC for the faster aircraft following a slower aircraft on the same route.

The first aircraft from either Singapore or Kuala Lumpur to be over GUNIP can expect its requested level.

N884FL310, FL320, FL350, FL360, FL390, FL400Uni-directional eastbound
N891FL330For south bound traffic
FL260, FL300, FL380For north bound traffic
N892FL310, FL320, FL350, FL360, FL390, F400Uni-directional westbound
P628FL280

Aircraft requesting FL280 and FL300 will be cleared to FL280. Succeeding aircraft on the same route will be cleared to FL280 with 10 min longitudinal separation provided there is no closing speed with the preceding aircraft. Additional longitudinal separation as appropriate shall be provided by ATC for the faster aircraft following a slower aircraft on the same route.

The first aircraft from either Singapore or Kuala Lumpur to be over GIVAL can expect its requested level.

L510

FL280

Aircraft requesting FL280 and FL300 will be cleared to FL280. Succeeding aircraft on the same route will be cleared to FL280 with 10 min longitudinal separation provided there is no closing speed with the preceding aircraft. Additional longitudinal separation as appropriate shall be provided by ATC for the faster aircraft following a slower aircraft on the same route.

The first aircraft from either Singapore or Kuala Lumpur to be over GUNP (FPL via N571 Y338 and L510) can expect its requested level.

1.8.5.2.2 The flight levels indicated in the table above are intended to facilitate initial departure only. Flight level allocation once airborne is still subject to normal ATC requirements.
1.8.5.3  NO PDC FLIGHT LEVEL ALLOCATION IN KOTA KINABALU FIR
1.8.5.3.1 Flights participating in the No PDC arrangement will be allocated specific flight levels depending on the flight planned route as indicated in the table below:
RouteAllocated No PDC Flight LevelsRemarks
A341FL310, FL370For east bound traffic
FL320, FL360, FL400For west bound traffic
M646FL310, FL350, FL390For north east bound traffic
FL320, FL360, FL400For south west bound traffic
M768
(BRU-MAMOK)
FL290, FL330, FL370, FL410For east bound traffic
FL300, FL340, FL380For west bound traffic
M522 (VJN MAMOK)/ R223FL310, FL350, FL390For north east bound traffic
FL320, FL360, FL400For south west bound traffic
B592FL310, FL350, FL390For north east bound traffic
FL320, FL360, FL380, FL400For south west bound traffic
G334FL250, FL270For east bound traffic
FL260, FL280For west bound traffic
G580 (VKG-ATETI)
M646M761 (VKG-AGOBA)
FL270, FL290, FL330For east bound traffic
FL280, FL300, FL340For west bound traffic
M754 / M522
(VJN-VINIK)
FL300, FL340, FL380For north east bound traffic
FL290, FL330, FL370, FL410For south west bound traffic
M758 / M759FL270, FL290, FL330For east bound traffic
FL280, FL300, FL340For west bound traffic
M768 (BRU-ASISU)FL270, FL330, FL410For east bound traffic
FL300, FL380For west bound traffic
M772FL300, FL380For north bound traffic
1.8.5.3.2 The flight levels indicated in the table above are intended to facilitate initial departure only. Flight level allocation once airborne is still subject to normal ATC requirements.

1.8.6  Flight Planning Requirement for Aircraft Operating in Kuala Lumpur FIR

1.8.6.1 Flights Departing And Landing At Airports Within Kuala Lumpur FIR
FromToFPL Route
Airports within
Singapore FIR

WMKM

G579 VJB A457 W535 VMK

WMKK

A457 GUPTA

WMSA

A457 GUPTA

WMKI

Y339 AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK Y506 TEPUS W532 VIH

WMKP

Y339 AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK Y506 VPG

WMKB

Y339 AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK Y506 VPG DCT VBT

WMKL

Y339 AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK Y506 VPG W525 VPL

WMKA

Y339 AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK Y506 VPG A457 VAS

WMKC

B469 VPK M751 VKB

B469 VPK W540 VKB (FOR FL230 AND BELOW)

WMGK

B469 VPK M751 GUGIT DCT VGK

B469 VPK W540 GUGIT DCT VGK (FOR FL230 AND BELOW)

WMKN / WMPR

B469 VPK M751 GUNBO R208 VKR

B469 VPK W540 GUNBO R208 VKR (FOR FL230 AND BELOW)

WMKE

B469 VPK DCT VKN W533 VKP

WMKD

B469 VPK DCT VKN

WMKJ

WMKM

A457 GUPTA W535 VMK

WMKK

A457 GUPTA

WMSA

A457 GUPTA

WMKI

DCT AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK Y506 TEPUS W532 VIH

WMKP

DCT AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK Y506 VPG

WMKB

DCT AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK Y506 VPG DCT VBT

WMKL

DCT AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK Y506 VPG W525 VPL

WMKA

DCT AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK Y506 VPG A457 VAS

WMKC

A224 VMR B469 VPK M751 VKB

A224 VMR B469 VPK W540 VKB (FOR FL230 AND BELOW)

WMGK

A224 VMR B469 VPK M751 GUGIT VGK

A224 VMR B469 VPK W540 GUGIT DCT VGK (FOR FL230 AND BELOW)

WMKN / WMPR

A224 VMR B469 VPK M751 GUNBO R208 VKR

A224 VMR B469 VPK W540 GUNBO R208 VKR (FOR FL230 AND BELOW)

WMKE

A224 VMR B469 VPK DCT VKP

WMKD

A224 VMR B469 VPK DCT VKN

WMKM

Airports within
Singapore FIR

OGAKO A464 ARAMA

WMKJ

OGAKO A464 TOPOR W534 VJB

WMKI

SAPAT A457 TEPUS W532 VIH

WMKP

SAPAT A457 VPG

WMKB

SAPAT A457 VPG DCT VBT

WMKL

SAPAT A457 VPG W525 VPL

WMKA

SAPAT A457 VAS

WMKC

SAPAT A457 VKL R208 MATSU Y345 GUGIT W540 VKB

WMGK

SAPAT A457 VKL R208 MATSU Y345 GUGIT DCT VGK

WMKN / WMPR

SAPAT A457 VKL R208 VKR

WMKE

SAPAT A457 VKL W533 VKP

WMKD

SAPAT A457 VKL W533 VKN

WMKK

Airports within
Singapore FIR

RUSBU Y511 TOPOR A464 ARAMA

WMKJ

RUSBU Y511 TOPOR W534 VJB

WMKI

ATIMU DCT TEPUS W532 VIH

WMKP

ATIMU Y506 VPG

WMKB

ATIMU Y506 VPG DCT VBT

WMKL

ATIMU Y506 VPG W525 VPL

WMKA

ATIMU Y506 VPG A457 VAS

WMKC

PIBOS R208 MATSU Y345 GUGIT W540 VKB

WMGK

PIBOS R208 MATSU Y345 GUGIT DCT VGK

WMKN / WMPR

PIBOS R208 VKR

WMKE

KIMAT W533 VKP

WMKD

KIMAT W533 VKN

WMSA

Airports within
Singapore FIR

RUSBU Y511 TOPOR A464 ARAMA

WMKJ

RUSBU Y511 TOPOR W534 VJB

WMKI

ATIMU DCT TEPUS W532

WMKP

ATIMU Y506 VPG

WMKB

ATIMU Y506 VPG DCT VBT

WMKL

ATIMU Y506 VPG W525 VPL

WMKA

ATIMU Y506 VPG A457 VAS

WMKC

PIBOS R208 MATSU Y345 GUGIT W540 VKB

WMGK

PIBOS R208 MATSU Y345 GUGIT DCT VGK

WMKN / WMPR

PIBOS R208 VKR

WMKE

PIBOS G582 ADNUT W533 VKP

WMKD

PIBOS G582 ADNUT W533 VKN

WMKI

Airports within
Singapore FIR
DUDAD DCT KAKAK Y507 MAKNA Y511 TOPOR A464 ARAMA

WMKJ

DUDAD DCT KAKAK Y507 MAKNA Y511 TOPOR W534 VJB

WMKM

DUDAD DCT KAKAK Y507 VKL A464 DUMOK W535 VMK

WMKK

DUDAD DCT KAKAK

WMSA

DUDAD DCT KAKAK

A464 DAKUS (APPLICABLE FOR NON-RNAV FLIGHTS)

WMKP

AGRES DCT VPG

WMKB

AGRES DCT VPG DCT VBT

WMKL

AGRES DCT VPG W525 VPL

WMKA

AGRES DCT VPG A457 VAS

WMKC

AGRES DCT VPG W546 VKB

WMGK

AGRES DCT VPG W546 OPOMO DCT VGK

WMKN / WMPR

DUDAD DCT KAKAK Y507 VBA G582 PIBOS R208 VKR

WMKE

DUDAD DCT KAKAK Y507 VBA G582 ADNUT W533 VKP

WMKD

DUDAD DCT KAKAK Y507 VBA G582 ADNUT W533 VKN

WMKP

Airports within
Singapore FIR
BOGUK DCT ANBIK Y507 MAKNA Y511 TOPOR A464 ARAMA

WMKJ

BOGUK DCT ANBIK Y507 MAKNA Y511 TOPOR W534 VJB

WMKM

BOGUK DCT ANBIK Y507 VKL A464 DUMOK W535 VMK

WMKK

BOGUK DCT ANBIK Y507 KAKAK (FOR RWY 14/32)

UDIKO DCT OREKA Y508 NIREN (FOR RWY 15/33)

WMSA

BOGUK DCT ANBIK Y507 KAKAK
KABOT DCT VIH A464 DAKUS (FOR NON-RNAV FLIGHTS)

WMKI

KABOT DCT VIH

WMKL

OMBOK DCT VPL

WMKA

LUNTU DCT VAS

WMKC

W546 VKB

WMGK

W546 OPOMO DCT VGK

WMKN / WMPR

W546 OPOMO DCT PALNO

WMKE

W546 OPOMO DCT GUNBO DCT VKP

WMKD

W546 OPOMO DCT GUNBO DCT VKN

WMKB

Airports within
Singapore FIR
Y507 MAKNA Y511 TOPOR A464 ARAMA
W530 VIH A464 ARAMA

WMKJ

Y507 MAKNA Y511 TOPOR W534 VJB
W530 VIH A464 TOPOR W534 VJB

WMKM

Y507 VKL A464 DUMOK W535 VMK

W530 VIH A464 DUMOK W535 VMK

WMKK

Y507 KAKAK

W530 VIH A464 DAKUS

WMSA

Y507 KAKAK

W530 VIH A464 DAKUS

WMKI

W530 VIH

WMKL

W525 VPL

WMKA

A457 VAS

WMKC

W546 VKB

WMGK

W546 OPOMO DCT VGK

WMKN / WMPR

W546 OPOMO DCT PALNO

WMKE

W546 OPOMO DCT GUNBO DCT VKP

WMKD

W546 OPOMO DCT GUNBO DCT VKN

WMKL

Airports within
Singapore FIR
ISTEL DCT RINBA Y507 MAKNA Y511 TOPOR A464 ARAMA

WMKJ

ISTEL DCT RINBA Y507 MAKNA Y511 TOPOR A464 ARAMA W534 VJB

WMKM

ISTEL DCT RINBA Y507 MAKNA Y511 TOPOR A464 ARAMA W535 VMK

WMKK

ISTEL DCT RINBA Y507 KAKAK (FOR RWY 14/32)
RUVTO DCT ANGUN Y508 NIREN (FOR RWY 15/33)

WMSA

ISTEL DCT RINBA Y507 KAKAK (FOR RWY 14/32)
W531 VIH A464 DAKUS (FOR NON-RNAV FLIGHTS)

WMKI

W531 VIH

WMKP

W525 VPG

WMKB

W525 VPG DCT VBT

WMKA

W542 VAS

WMKC

ISTEL DCT RINBA W546 VKB

WMGK

W525 VPG W546 OPOMO DCT VGK

WMKN / WMPR

ISTEL DCT RINBA W546 OPOMO DCT PALNO

WMKE

ISTEL DCT RINBA W546 OPOMO DCT GUNBO DCT VKP

WMKD

ISTEL DCT RINBA W546 OPOMO DCT GUNBO DCT VKN

WMKA

Airports within
Singapore FIR

Y502 RINBA Y507 MAKNA Y511 TOPOR A464 ARAMA

WMKJ

Y502 RINBA Y507 MAKNA Y511 TOPOR W534 VJB

WMKM

Y502 RINBA Y507 VKL A464 DUMOK W535 VMK

WMKK

Y502 RINBA Y507 KAKAK (FOR RWY 14/32)
AKMIS Y508 NIREN (FOR RWY 15/33)

WMSA

GUTEB DCT RINBA R325 VIH A464 DAKUS (FOR NON-RNAV FLIGHTS)

Y502 RINBA Y507 KAKAK

WMKI

GUTEB DCT VIH

WMKP

OMBUL DCT VPG

WMKB

DCT VBT

WMKL

W541 VPL

WMKC

GUTEB DCT RINBA W546 VKB

WMGK

GUTEB DCT RINBA W546 OPOMO DCT VGK

WMKN / WMPR

GUTEB DCT RINBA W546 OPOMO DCT PALNO

WMKE

GUTEB DCT RINBA W546 OPOMO DCT GUNBO DCT VKP

WMKD

GUTEB DCT RINBA W546 OPOMO DCT GUNBO DCT VKN

WMKC

Airports within
Singapore FIR

EMPUR Y514 NUFFA

WMKJ

EMPUR Y514 NUFFA DCT BIKTA B469 VMR A224 VJB

WMKM

G466 VKL A464 W535 VMK

WMKK

G466 PULIP

WMSA

G466 PULIP

WMKI

W546 RINBA R325 VIH

WMKP

W546 VPG

WMKB

W546 VPG DCT VBT

WMKL

W546 VPG W525 VPL

WMKA

W546 VPG W525 VAS

WMKN / WMPR

W540 PALNO DCT VKR

WMKE

W540 GUNBO DCT VKP

WMKD

W540 GUNBO DCT VKN

WMGK Airports within
Singapore FIR
EMPUR Y514 NUFFA

WMKJ

EMPUR Y514 NUFFA DCT BIKTA B469 VMR A224 VJB

WMKM

G466 VKL A464 W535 VMK

WMKK

G466 PULIP

WMSA

G466 PULIP

WMKI

W546 RINBA R325 VIH

WMKP

W546 VPG

WMKB

W546 VPG DCT VBT

WMKL

W546 VPG W525 VPL

WMKA

W546 VPG A457 VAS

WMKN / WMPR

W540 PALNO DCT VKR

WMKE

W540 GUNBO DCT VKP

WMKD

W540 GUNBO DCT VKN

WMKN

Airports within
Singapore FIR
LASOB Y346 LATER Y514 NUFFA
WMKJ

LASOB Y346 LATER Y514 NUFFA DCT BIKTA B469 VMR A224 VJB

WMKM

LASOB Y346 PULIP VKL A464 DUMOK W535 VMK

WMKK

LASOB Y346 PULIP

WMSA

LASOB Y346 PULIP

WMKI

LASOB Y346 VBA G582 BILIK Y506 TEPUS W532 VIH

WMKP

LASOB W540 VKB W546 VPG

WMKB

LASOB W540 VKB W546 VPG DCT VBT

WMKL

LASOB W540 VKB W546 VPG W525 VPL

WMKA

LASOB W540 VKB W546 VPG A457 VAS

WMKC

LASOB W540 VKB

WMGK

LASOB W540 VKB DCT VGK

WMKE

W540 GUNBO DCT VKP

WMKD

GUNBO DCT VKN

WMKE

Airports within
Singapore FIR

W533 VKN DCT VPK B469 BIKTA

WMKJ

W533 VKN DCT VPK B469 VMR A224 VJB

WMKM

W533 VKL A464 DUMOK W533 VMK

WMKK

W533 VKN DCT BEKSO Y349 PULIP

WMSA

W533 VKN DCT PULIP

WMKI

W533 VKN DCT PULIP Y346 VBA B466 SUKAT A457 TEPUS W532

WMKP

W533 VKN DCT PULIP Y346 VBA B466 SUKAT A457 VPG

WMKB

W533 VKN DCT PULIP Y346 VBA B466 SUKAT A457 VPG DCT VBT

WMKL

W533 VKN DCT PULIP Y346 VBA B466 SUKAT A457 VPG W525 VPL

WMKA

W533 VKN DCT PULIP Y346 VBA B466 SUKAT A457 VAS

WMKC

DCT GUNBO W540 VKB

WMGK

DCT GUNBO W540 VKB DCT VGK

WMKD

W533

WMKD

Airports within
Singapore FIR

B469 BIKTA

WMKJ

B469 VMR A224 VJB

WMKM

W533 VKL A464 DUMOK W535 VMK

WMKK

B469 PADLI Y343 SAROX

WMSA

B469 PADLI Y343 SAROX

WMKI

DCT PULIP Y346 VBA B466 SUKAT A457 TEPUS W532

WMKP

DCT PULIP Y346 VBA B466 SUKAT A457 VPG

WMKB

W533 ADNUT G582 VBA B466 SUKAT A457 VPG DCT VBT

WMKL

DCT PULIP Y346 VBA B466 SUKAT A457 VPG W525 VPL

WMKA

DCT PULIP Y346 VBA B466 SUKAT A457 VAS

WMGK

W540 VKB DCT VGK

WMKC

W540 VKB

WMKN

W540 VKB GUNBO R208 VKR

WMKE

W533

1.8.6.2  Flights To Destination Outside Kuala Lumpur FIR

From

Entering Adjacent FIR

Joining Airways or Waypoint

FPL Route

WMKM

BANGKOK FIR

DUBAX

IRMIB DCT OGANA Y501 RINBAY502

TAMOS

IRMIB DCT OGANA Y501 RINBA R325 VAS A457

RIGTO

IRMIB DCT OGANA Y501

WMKK

BANGKOK FIR

DUBAX

BIKDU Y501 RINBA Y502

TAMOS

ATIMU Y506 VPG A457 (FOR VTSS)
BIKDU Y501 RINBA R325 VAS A457

RIGTO

BIKDU Y501

PASVA

PIBOS R208 MATSU Y345 GUGIT M751 VKB A334

GOLUD

PIBOS R208 MATSU Y345 GUGIT M751

KADAX

PIBOS R208 MATSU Y345 GUGIT M751 VKB M626

ABTOK

PIBOS R208 MATSU Y345 GUGIT M751 VKB M644
WMSA

DUBAX

ATIMU Y506 VPG Y351

TAMOS

ATIMU Y506 VPG A457

RIGTO

ATIMU Y506 VPG Y350

PASVA

PIBOS R208 MATSU Y345 GUGIT M751 VKB A334

GOLUD

PIBOS R208 MATSU Y345 GUGIT M751

KADAX

PIBOS R208 MATSU Y345 GUGIT M751 VKB M626

ABTOK

PIBOS R208 MATSU Y345 GUGIT M751 VKB

WMKI

DUBAX

AGRES DCT VPG Y351

TAMOS

AGRES DCT VPG A457

RIGTO

AGRES DCT VPG Y350
WMKP / WMKB

DUBAX

Y351

TAMOS

LUNTU DCT VAS A457

RIGTO

M769
WMKA

DUBAX

R325

TAMOS

A457

RIGTO

M769
WMKL

DUBAX

W542 VAS R325

TAMOS

W542 VAS A457

RIGTO

W542 VAS M769

WMKC / WMGK

PASVA DCT PASVA A334
KADAX DCT KADAX M626
WMKN PASVA W540 VKB A334
GOLUD W540 VKB M751
KADAX W540 VKB M626
ABTOK W540 VKB M644

WMKD

PASVA M751 VKB A334
GOLUD M751
KADAX M751 VKB M626
ABTOK M751 VKB M644

WMKJ

BANGKOK FIR

DUBAX

DCT AROSO Y513 KALIL Y501 RINBA Y502

TAMOS

DCT AROSO Y513 KALIL Y501 RINBA R325 VAS A457

RIGTO

DCT AROSO Y513 KALIL Y501

PASVA

A224 VMR B469 VPK M751 VKB A334

GOLUD

A224 VMR B469 VPK M751

KADAX

A224 VMR B469 VPK M751 VKB M626

ABTOK

A224 VMR B469 VPK M751 VKB M644

WMKM

CHENNAI FIR

NOPEK SAPAT A457 VKL R461 PUGER P574
ANOKO SAPAT A457 AGOSA R467 GUNIP B466
IGOGU SAPAT A457 AGOSA R467 GUNIP N571
EMRAN SAPAT A457 AGOSA R467 GUNIP N571 VAMPI Y338 LEKIR L510
IGREX SAPAT A457 VPG B579 VPL P628

WMKK

NOPEK

PUGER P574

ANOKO

IBUKU Y504 GUNIP B466

IGOGU

IBUKU Y504 GUNIP N571

EMRAN

IBUKU Y504 GUNIP N571 VAMPI Y338 LEKIR L510

IGREX

ATIMU Y506 VPG B579 VPL P628

WMSA

NOPEK

PUGER P574

ANOKO

IBUKU Y504 GUNIP B466

IGOGU

IBUKU Y504 GUNIP N571

EMRAN

IBUKU Y504 GUNIP N571 VAMPI Y338 LEKIR L510

IGREX

ATIMU Y506 VPG B579 VPL P628

WMKP / WMKB

IGOGU

MADUM DCT GUNIP N571
EMRAN MADUM DCT GUNIP N571 VAMPI Y338 LEKIR L510
ANOKO MADUM DCT GUNIP B466

IGREX

OMBOK W525/B579 VPL P628

WMKL

IGOGU

RUVTO DCT ANGUN G468 GUNIP N571
EMRAN RUVTO DCT ANGUN G468 GUNIP N571 VAMPI Y338 LEKIR L510

ANOKO

W525 VPG G468 GUNIP B466

IGREX

AKRAB DCT GIVAL P628

WMKC / WMGK

IGOGU

W546 VPG G468 GUNIP N571

EMRAN W546 VPG G468 GUNIP N571 VAMPI Y338 LEKIR L510

ANOKO

W546 VPG G468 GUNIP B466

IGREX

W546 VPG B579 VPL P628

WMKN IGOGU W540 VKB W546 VPG G468 GUNIP N571
EMRAN W540 VKB W546 VPG G468 GUNIP N571 VAMPI Y338 LEKIR L510
ANOKO W540 VKB W546 VPG G468 GUNIP B466
IGREX W540 VKB W546 VPG B579 VPL P628

WMKJ

NOPEK

DCT AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK G582 PUGER P574

ANOKO

A457 SUKAT B466

IGOGU

DCT AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 GUNIP N571

EMRAN DCT AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 GUNIP N571 VAMPI Y338 LEKIR L510

IGREX

DCT AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK Y506 VPG B579 VPL P628

WMKJ

JAKARTA FIR

PUGER

DCT AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK G582 PUGER R461

WMKM

DOSIK

R579

WMKK

PUGER

R461

SALAX

N633

WMSA

PUGER

R461

SALAX

N633

WMKI

GOTLA

AGRES DCT VPG G468

WMKP / WMKB

GOTLA

MADUM DCT GUNIPG468

WMKL

GOTLA

Y509 ANGUN G468

WMKC

GOTLA

W546 VPG G468

SALAX

G466 VKL N633

WMKK

Beyond SINGAPORE FIR

SUKRI

MITOS M630

BUVAL

KIMAT Y344 VPK L629

IDSEL

KIMAT Y344 VPK M758

KETOD

KIMAT Y344 VPK M761

WMSA

SUKRI

MITOS M630

BUVAL

PIBOS G582 VPK L629

IDSEL

PIBOS G582 VPK M758

KETOD

PIBOS G582 VPK M761

WMKP

SUKRI

BOGUK DCT ANBIK Y507 MITOS M630

IDSEL

BOGUK DCT ANBIK Y507 VBA G582 VPK M758

KETOD

BOGUK DCT ANBIK Y507 VBA G582 VPK M761

WMKL

SUKRI

ISTEL DCT RINBA Y507 MITOS M630

IDSEL

ISTEL DCT RINBA Y507 VBA G582 VPK M758

KETOD

ISTEL DCT RINBA Y507 VBA G582 VPK M761

WMKC

VMR DUBMU DCT LERKA Y514 NUFFA B469

IDSEL

DUBMU DCT LERKA Y514 BEKSO Y512 VPK M758

KETOD

DUBMU DCT LERKA Y514 BEKSO Y512 VPK M761

WMKD

BUVAL

VPK L629

IDSEL

VPK M758

KETOD

VPK M761

WMKK / WMSA

HO CHI MINH FIR

IGARI

PIBOS R208

WMKP

W546 VKB M765

WMKL

ISTEL DCT RINBA W546 VKB M765

WMKC

DCT VENLI M765

1.8.6.3  Flights Entering Kuala Lumpur FIR From Adjacent FIR

From Adjacent FIR

To

From Airways or Waypoints

FPL Route

Bangkok FIR

WMKJ

DALAN

B579 VPL Y503 RINBA Y507 MAKNA Y511 TOPOR W534 VJB

KARMI

Y507 MAKNA Y511 TOPOR W534 VJB

PASVA

Y514 NUFFA DCT BIKTA B469 VMR A224 VJB

Chennai FIR

EMRAN

L510 GIVAL P628 VPL Y503 RINBA Y507 MAKNA Y511 TOPOR W534 VJB

IGOGU

N571 GUNIP M630 NIREN Y511 TOPOR W534 VJB

ANOKO

B466 GUNIP R467 VKL A464 TOPOR W534 VJB

Jakarta FIR

PUGER

R461 VIDEX Y511 TOPOR W534 VJB

SALAX

Y340 BATAR A464 TOPOR W534 VJB

Bangkok FIR

WMKM

DALAN

B579 VPL Y503 RINBA Y507 VKL A464 DUMOK W535 VMK

KARMI

Y507 VKL A464 DUMOK W535 VMK

Jakarta FIR

PUGER

R461 VKL A464 DUMOK W535 VMK

DOSIK

R579

Ho Chi Minh FIR

IGARI

R208 VKR Y346 PULIP G466 VKL A464 DUMOK W535 VMK

Beyond SINGAPORE FIR

SABKA

A457 GUPTA W535 VMK

Bangkok FIR

WMKK

DALAN

B579 VPL Y509 ANGUN Y508 NIREN (FOR RWY 15/33)

B579 VPL Y503 RINBA Y507 KAKAK (FOR RWY 14/32)

KARMI

Y507 KAKAK (FOR RWY 14/32)
Y508 NIREN (FOR RWY 15/33)

PASVA

Y514 EMPUR G466

Chennai FIR

EMRAN

L510 GIVAL P628 VPL Y509 ANGUN Y508 NIREN (FOR RWY 15/33)

L510 GIVAL P628 VPL Y503 RINBA Y507 KAKAK (FOR RWY 14/32)

IGOGU

N571 GUNIP Y347 KAKAK (FOR RWY 14/32)

N571 GUNIP M630 NIREN (FOR RWY 15/33)

ANOKO

B466 GUNIP R467 VKL

Jakarta FIR

PUGER

R461

SALAX

N633

Ho Chi Minh FIR

IGARI

R208 VKR Y346 PULIP

Beyond Singapore FIR

SABKA

G579 VJB A457 GUPTA

DOVOL

Y334 PADLI Y343 SAROX

IDSEL Y335 PADLI Y343 SAROX
KETOD Y336 PADLI Y343 SAROX
TAXUL Y346 PULIP

Bangkok FIR

WMSA

DALAN

B579 VPL Y503 RINBA Y507 KAKAK

B579 VPL W531 VIH A464 DAKUS (FOR NON-RNAV FLIGHTS)

KARMI

Y507 KAKAK

A464 DAKUS (FOR NON-RNAV FLIGHTS)

PASVA

Y514 EMPUR G466 PULIP

Chennai FIR

EMRAN

L510 GIVAL P628 VPL Y503 RINBA Y507 KAKAK

IGOGU

N571 GUNIP Y347 KAKAK

ANOKO

B466 GUNIP R467GOBAS

Jakarta FIR

PUGER

G582 GOBAS

SALAX

N633

Ho Chi Minh FIR

IGARI

R208 VKR Y346 PULIP

Beyond Singapore FIR

VPK G582 PIBOS (FOR NON-RNAV FLIGHTS)

DOVOL

Y334 PADLI Y343 SAROX

IDSEL

Y335 PADLI Y343 SAROX

KETOD

Y336 PADLI Y343 SAROX

TAXUL

Y349 PULIP

SABKA G579 VJB A457 GUPTA

Bangkok FIR

WMKI

DALAN

B579 VPL W531 VIH

KARMI

A464 VIH

Jakarta FIR

GOTLA

GOTLA G468 VPG W530

Beyond SINGAPORE FIR

AROSO

Y339 GEMAS B466 SUKAT A457 TEPUS W532

SABKA G579 VJB A457 TEPUS W532 VIH (FOR FL220 AND BELOW)

Bangkok FIR

WMKP

DALAN

W525 VPG

KARMI

M757 VAS A457 VPG

Chennai FIR

EMRAN

L510 GIVAL P628 VPL B579 VPG

IGOGU

N571 GUNIP G468 VPG

ANOKO

B466 GUNIP G468 VPG

Jakarta FIR

GOTLA

G468 VPG

Ho Chi Minh FIR

IGARI

M765 VKB W546 VPG

Beyond SINGAPORE FIR

AROSO

Y339 AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK Y506 VPG

DOVOL

L635 VPK G582 BILIK Y506 VPG

IDSEL

M758 VPK G582 BILIK Y506 VPG

KETOD

M761 VPK G582 BILIK Y506 VPG

Bangkok FIR

WMKL

DALAN

B579 VPL

KARMI

M757 VAS W541 VPL

Chennai FIR

EMRAN

L510 GIVAL P628 VPL

IGOGU

N571 GUNIP G468 VPG W525 VPL

ANOKO

B466 GUNIP G468 VPG W525 VPL

Jakarta FIR

SABKA G579 VJB A457 VPG W525 VPL (FOR FL220 AND BELOW)

GOTLA

G468 VPG W525 VPL

Ho Chi Minh FIR

IGARI

M765 VKB W546 VPG W525 VPL

Beyond
SINGAPORE FIR

AROSO

G579 VJB Y342 AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK Y506 VPG W525 VPL

DOVOL

L635 VPK G582 BILIK Y506 VPG W525 VPL

IDSEL

M758 VPK G582 BILIK Y506 VPG W525 VPL

KETOD

M761 VPK G582 BILIK Y506 VPG W525 VPL

SINGAPORE FIR

WMKC VMR B469 VPK M751 VKB

DOVOL

L635 VPK M751 VKB

IDSEL

M758 VPK M751 VKB

KETOD

M761 VPK M751 VKB

1.8.6.4  Flights Overflying Kuala Lumpur FIR

Adjacent FIR

To

From

Airways or Waypoints

FPL Route

Bangkok FIR

Chennai FIR

SAPAM

L645 SAMAK

L645 MAPSO P628 IGREX

L645 IDKUT L510 EMRAN

Jakarta FIR

RUSET

P627 POVUS

DALAN

B579 VPL Y509 ANGUN G468 GOTLA

KARMI

Y508 ANGUN G468 GOTLA

Beyond Singapore FIR

DALAN

B579 Y503 RINBA Y507 MITOS M630 SUKRI

KARMI

Y507 MITOS M630 SUKRI

TIDAR M904 UPRON
PASVA Y514 NUFFA DCT BIKTA B469
Y514 BEKSO Y512 VPK L629 BUVAL
Y514 BEKSO Y512 VPK M758 IDSEL
Y514 BEKSO Y512 VPK M761 KETOD

Singapore FIR

DALAN

B579 VPL Y503 RINBA Y507 MAKNA Y511 TOPOR A464 ARAMA

KARMI

Y507 MAKNA Y511 TOPOR A464 ARAMA

PASVA

Y514 NUFFA

Chennai FIR

Bangkok FIR

SAMAK

L645 SAPAM

EMRAN

L510 IDKUT L645 SAPAM

Jakarta FIR

NOPEK

P574

Ho Chi Minh FIR

IGOGU

N571 GUNIP G468 VPG W546 VKB M765 IGARI

EMRAN

L510 GIVAL P628 VPL Y503 RINBA W546 VKB M765 IGARI

Beyond Singapore FIR

EMRAN

L510 GIVAL P628 VPL Y503 RINBA Y507 MITOS M630 SUKRI

IGOGU

N571 GUNIP M630 SUKRI

NOPEK

P574 PUGER R461 VESIS M630 SUKRI

Singapore FIR

EMRAN

L510 GIVAL P628 VPL Y503 RINBA Y507 MAKNA Y511 TOPOR A464 ARAMA

IGOGU

N571 GUNIP M630 NIREN Y511 TOPOR A464 ARAMA

ANOKO

B466 GUNIP R467 VKL A464 ARAMA

NOPEK

P574 PUGER R461 VIDEX Y511 TOPOR A464 ARAMA

Jakarta FIR

Bangkok FIR

POVUS

P627 SAPAM

GOTLA

G468 VPG Y350 RIGTO

G468 VPG Y351 DUBAX

G468 VPG A457 TAMOS

Ho Chi Minh FIR

GOTLA

G468 VPG W546 VKB M765 IGARI

SALAX

N633 VKL R208 IGARI

Beyond Singapore FIR

PUGER

R461 VESIS M630 SUKRI

Singapore FIR

PUGER

R461 VIDEX Y511 TOPOR A464 ARAMA

SALAX

Y340 BATAR A464 ARAMA

Ho Chi Minh FIR

Chennai FIR

IGARI

M765 VKB W546 VPG G468 GUNIP N571 IGOGU

M765 VKB W546 RINBA Y503 VPL P628 IGREX

M765 VKB W546 VPG G468 GUNIP VAMPI Y338 LEKIR L510 EMRAN

Jakarta FIR

R208 VKR Y346 VBA G582 PUGER

R208 VKR Y346 PULIP G466 VKL N633 SALAX

M765 VKB W546 VPG G468 GOTLA

Singapore FIR and beyond

N891

Singapore FIR

Bangkok FIR

TIDAR M904
Y339

AROSO Y513 KALIL Y501 RINBA Y502 DUBAX

AROSO Y513 KALIL Y501 RIGTO

AROSO Y513 KALIL Y501 RINBA R325 VAS A457 TAMOS

B469

VMR B469 VPK M751 VKB M751 GOLUD
VMR B469 VPK M751 VKB M626 KADAX
VMR B469 VPK M751 VKB M644 ABTOK
VMR B469 VPK M751 VKB A334 PASVA

Chennai FIR

Y339

AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 GUNIP N571 IGOGU

AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 GUNIP N571 VAMPI Y338 LEKIR L510 EMRAN
AROSO Y513 KALIL Y501 RINBA Y503 VPL P628 IGREX
AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK G582 PUGER P574 NOPEK
SABKA

A457 SUKAT B466 ANOKO (FOR NON-RNAV FLT ONLY)

Jakarta FIR

Y339

AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK G582 PUGER R461

Ho Chi Minh FIR

ENREP

IGARI N891

Beyond
Singapore FIR

Bangkok FIR

TIDAR M904
G579 VJB Y342 AROSO Y513 KALIL Y501 RINBA Y502 DUBAX
VJB Y342 AROSO Y513 KALIL Y501 RIGTO
VJB Y342 AROSO Y513 KALIL Y501 RINBA R325 VAS A457
TAMOS
B469 VPK M751 VKB M751 GOLUD
VPK M751 VKB M626 KADAX
VPK M751 VKB M644 ABTOK
VPK M751 VKB A334 PASVA

Chennai FIR

G579 VJB Y342 AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 GUNIP N571 IGOGU
VJB Y342 AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 GUNIP N571 VAMPI Y338 LEKIR L510 EMRAN
VJB Y342 AROSO Y513 KALIL Y501 RINBA Y503 VPL P628 IGREX
VJB Y342 AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK G582 PUGER P574 NOPEK
VJB A457 SUKAT B466 ANOKO (FOR NON-RNAV FLT
ONLY)

Jakarta FIR

G579 VJB Y342 AROSO Y513 KALIL Y504 BILIK G582 PUGER R461
Ho Chi Minh FIR ENREP N891 IGARI

1.8.7  Cruising Level Restrictions

1.8.7.1 Flights on following sector and routes shall observe the below specified cruising level restrictions.
  1. WMKK A457 WMKP : FL320 Or Below

  2. WMKK A457 WMKA : FL320 Or Below

  3. WMKK A457 VPG/ W525 Or B579 WMKL : FL320 Or Below

  4. WMKP W530 VIH A464 WMKK : FL310 Or Below

  5. WMKL W531 VIH A464 WMKK : FL310 Or Below

1.8.8  Flight planning route for Non RNAV aircraft.

FromToFPL Route
WMKA / WMKL / WMKP / WMKI WMKM / WMKJ A464
WMKM / WMKJ WMKA / WMKL / WMKP / WMKI A457
WMKC / WMKN / WMPR / WMKE /WMKD WMKJ / WMBT W540 VPK B469 (BELOW FL235)
WMKJ / WMBT WMKC / WMKN / WMPR / WMKE /WMKD B469 VPK W540 (BELOW FL235)

1.8.9  Flight Planning Requirement for Aircraft Operating in Kota Kinabalu FIR

1.8.9.1 Flights Departing And Landing At Airports Within Kota Kinabalu FIR
FromToFPL Route
WBGB WBGG G460 VKG
WBGM W422 VMY DCT WBGM
WBGR W422 VMY
WBGS G460 VSI
WBGW W422 VMY DCT WBGW
WBKD G460 BRU M646 VJN W460 LHD
WBKK G460 BRU M646 VJN
WBKL G460 VLB
WBKS G460 BRU W461 VSN
G460 BRU M646 VJN A341 VSN (FL165 AND ABOVE)
WBKT G460 BRU M646 VJN W420 KABDU DCT WBKT
WBKW G460 BRU W453 LATIL W441 VTW
WBGJ W422 VMY W450 VLG
WBMU W448 VZU
WBSB G460 BRU
WBGG WBGB G460 VBU
WBGM G580 VMY DCT WBGM
WBGR G580 VMY
WBGS G460 VBU
W457 VSI (FL245 AND BELOW)
WBGW G580 VMY DCT WBGW
WBKD G580 BRU W453 LATIL W441 VTW W424 LHD
G580 BRU M646 VJN A341 VSN (FL165 AND ABOVE)
WBKK G580 BRU M646 VJN
WBKL G580 BRU G460 VLB
WBKS G580 BRU W461 VSN
G580 BRU M646 VJN A341 VSN (FL165 AND ABOVE)
WBKT G580 BRU M646 VJN W420 KABDU DCT WBKT
WBKW G580 BRU W453 LATIL W441 VTW
WBGJ G580 VMY W450 VLG
WBMU G460 VBU W448 VZU
WBSB G580 BRU
WBGM WBGB DCT VMY W422 VBU
WBGG DCT VMY G580 VKG
WBGR DCT VMY
WBGS DCT VMY W422 VBU G460 VSI
WBGW DCT VMY DCT WBGW
WBKD DCT VMY G580 BRU M646 VJN W460 LHD
WBKK DCT VMY G580 BRU M646 VJN
WBKL DCT VMY G580 BRU G460 VLB
WBKS DCT VMY G580 BRU W461 VSN
WBKT DCT VMY G580 BRU M646 VJN W420 KABDU DCT WBKT
WBKW DCT VMY G580 BRU W453 LATIL W441 VTW
WBGJ DCT VMY W450 VLG
WBMU DCT VZU
WBSBDCT VMY G580 BRU
WBGR WBGB W422 VBU
WBGG G580 VKG
WBGM DCT VMY DCT WBGM
WBGS W422 VBU G460 VSI
W458 (FL245 AND BELOW)
WBGW DCT VMY DCT WBGW
WBKD G580 BRU W453 LATIL W441 VTW W424 LHD
G580 BRU M646 VJN W460 LHD
WBKK G580 BRU M646 VJN
WBKL G580 BRU G460 VLB
WBKS G580 BRU W461 VSN
G580 BRU M646 VJN A341 VSN (FL165 AND ABOVE)
G580 BRU M646 VJN W420 VSN
WBKT G580 BRU M646 VJN W420 DCT WBKT
WBKW G580 BRU W453 LATIL W441 VTW
WBGJ DCT VMY W450 VLG
WBMU DCT VMY W449 VZU
WBSB G580 BRU
WBGZ DCT VMY DCT WBGZ
WBGK G580 SARVO DCT WBGK
WBGF DCT VMY DCT WBGF
WBGA DCT VMY DCT WBGA
WBGI DCT VMY DCT WBGI
WBGS WBGB G460 VBU
W458 VBU (FL245 AND BELOW)
WBGG G460 VKG
W457 VKG (FL245 AND BELOW)
WBGM G460 VBU W422 VMY DCT WBGM
WBGR G460 VBU W422 VMY
WBGW G460 VBU W422 VMY DCT WBGW
WBKD G460 BRU M646 VJN W460 LHD
WBKK G460 BRU M646 VJN
WBKL G460 BRU G460 VLB
WBKS G460 BRU W461 VSN
WBKT G460 BRU M646 VJN W420 DCT WBKT
WBKW G460 BRU W453 LATIL W441 VTW
WBGJ G460 VBU W422 VMY W450 VLG
WBMU G460 VBU W448
WBSB G460 BRU
WBGW WBGB DCT VMY W422 VBU
WBGG DCT VMY G580 VKG
WBGM DCT VMY DCT WBGM
WBGR DCT VMY
WBGS DCT VMY W422 VBU G460 VSI
WBKD DCT VJN W460 LHD
WBKK DCT VJN
WBKL DCT BRU G460 VLB
WBKS DCT BRU W461 VSN
WBKT DCT BRU M646 VJN W420 KABDU DCT WBKT
WBKW DCT BRU W443 LATIL W441 VTW
WBGJ DCT VLG
WBMU DCT VZU
WBSBDCT BRU
WBKD WBGB W460 VJN M646 BRU G460 VBU
W460 VJN G460 VBU
W424 VTW W441 LATIL W453 BRU G460 VBU
WBGG W460 VJN M466 BRU G580 VKG
W460 VJN M646 BRU G460 VKG
W460 VJN G460 VKG
W424 VTW W441 LATIL W453 BRU G460 VKG
WBGM W460 VJN M646 BRU DCT WBGM
W460 VJN G460 BRU DCT WBGM
WBGR W460 VJN M646 BRU G580 VMY
W460 VJN G460 BRU G580 VMY
WBGS W460 VJN M646 BRU G460 VSI
W460 VJN G460 VSI
W424 VTW W441 LATIL W453 BRU G460 VSI
WBGW W460 VJN DCT WBGW
WBKK W460 VJN
WBKL W460 VJN G460 VLB
W424 VTW W441 VLB
WBKS W421 VSN
WBKT W421 VSN W420 DCT WBKT
WBKW W424 VTW
WBGJ W460 VJN W451 VLG
WBMU W460 VJN M646 BRU R223 BUTAX W452 VZU
W424 VTW W441 LATIL W453 BRU R223 BUTAX W452 VZU
WBSB W424 VTW W441 LATIL W453 BRU
WBKK WBGB M646 BRU G460 VBU
G460 VBU
WBGG M646 BRU G580 VKG
G460 BRU G460 VKG
WBGM DCT WBGM
WBGR M646 BRU G580 VMY
G460 BRU G580 VMY
WBGS M646 BRU G460 VSI
G460 VSI
WBGW DCT WBGW
WBKD W460 LHD
WBKL G460 VLB
WBKS A341 VSN (FL165 AND ABOVE)
W420 KABDU W463 VSN
W420 VSN
WBKT W420 DCT WBKT
WBKW W425 VTW
WBGJ W451 VLG
WBMU M646 BRU R223 BUTAX W452 VZU
WBSB M646 BRU
WBKL WBGB G460 VBU
WBGG G460 BRU G580 VKG
G460 VKG
WBGM DCT WBGM
WBGR G460 BRU G580 VMY
WBGS G460 VSI
WBGW DCT WBGW
WBKD W441 REKOS W461 VTW W424 LHD
G460 VJN W420 LHD
WBKK G460 VJN
WBKS W441 REKOS W461 VSN
G460 VJN A341 VSN (FL165 AND ABOVE)
WBKT G460 VJN W420 DCT WBKT
WBKW W441 VTW
WBGJ DCT VLG
WBMU G460 BRU R223 BUTAX W452 VZU
WBSB G460 VLB
WBKS WBGB A341 VJN G460 VBU (FL165 AND ABOVE)
A341 VJN M646 BRU G460 VBU (FL165 AND ABOVE)
W461 BRU G460 VBU
WBGG A341 VJN G460 BRU G580 VKG (FL165 AND ABOVE)
A341 VJN M646 BRU G460 VKG (FL165 AND ABOVE)
W461 BRU G580 VKG
W461 BRU G460 VKG
WBGM A341 VJN G460 BRU DCT WBGM (FL165 AND ABOVE)
A341 VJN M646 BRU DCT WBGM (FL165 AND ABOVE)
W461 BRU DCT WBGM
WBGR A341 VJN G460 BRU G580 VMY (FL165 AND ABOVE)
A341 VJN M646 BRU G580 VMY (FL165 AND ABOVE)
W461 BRU G580 VMY
WBGS A341 VJN G460 VSI (FL165 AND ABOVE)
A341 VJN M646 BRU G460 VSI (FL165 AND ABOVE)
W461 BRU G460 VSI
WBGW A341 VJN DCT WBGW (FL165 AND ABOVE)
WBKD W421 LHD
WBKK A341 VJN (FL165 AND ABOVE)
W420 VJN
W463 KABDU W420 VJN
WBKL A341 VJN G460 VLB (FL165 AND ABOVE)
W461 REKOS W441 VLB
WBKT W420 DCT WBKT
WBKW W421 LHD W424 VTW
WBGJ A341 VJN W451 VLG (FL165 AND ABOVE)
W461 BRU DCT VLG
WBMU A341 VJN M646 BRU R223 BUTAX W452 VZU (FL165 AND ABOVE)
W461 BRU R223 BUTAX W452 VZU
WBSB W461 BRU
WBKT WBGB W420 VJN G460 VBU
WBGG W420 VJN G460 VKG
WBGM W420 VJN G460 BRU DCT WBGM
WBGR W420 VJN G460 BRU G580 VMY
WBGS W420 VJN G460 VSI
WBGW W420 VJN DCT WBGW
WBKD W420 VSN W421 LHD
WBKK W420 VJN
WBKL W420 VJN G460 VLB
WBKS W420 VSN
WBKW W420 VSN W421 LHD W424 VTW
WBGJ W420 VJN W451 VLG
WBMU W420 VJN M646 BRU R223 BUTAX W452 VZU
WBSB W420 VJN M646 BRU
WBKW WBGB W441 LATIL W453 BRU G460 VBU
WBGG W441 LATIL W453 BRU G460 VKG
WBGM W441 LATIL W453 BRU DCT WBGM
WBGR W441 LATIL W453 BRU G580 VMY
WBGS W441 LATIL W453 BRU G460 VSI
WBGW W441 LATIL DCT WBGW
WBKD W424 LHD
WBKK W425 VJN
WBKL W441 VLB
WBKS W424 LHD W421 VSN
WBKT W425 VJN W420 DCT WBKT
WBGJ W441 LATIL DCT VLG
WBMU W441 LATIL W453 BRU R223 BUTAX W452 VZU
WBSB W441 LATIL W453 BRU
WBGJ WBGB W450 VMY W422 VBU
WBGG W450 VMY G580 VKG
WBGM W450 VMY DCT WBGM
WBGR W450 VMY
WBGS W450 VMY W422 VBU G460 VSI
WBGW DCT WBGW
WBKD W451 VJN W460 LHD
WBKK W451
WBKL DCT VLB
WBKS DCT BRU W461 VSN
WBKT DCT BRU M646 VJN W420 KABDU DCT WBKT
WBKW DCT BRU W453 LATIL W441 VTW
WBMU DCT BUTAX W452
WBSBDCT BRU
WBMU WBGB W448
WBGG W448 VBU G460 VKG
WBGM DCT WBGM
WBGR W449
WBGS W448 VBU G460 VSI
WBGW DCT WBGW
WBKD W452 BUTAX R223 BRU M646 VJN W460 LHD
WBKK W452 BUTAX R223 BRU M646 VJN
WBKL W452 BUTAX R223 BRU G460 VLB
WBKS W452 BUTAX R223 BRU W461 VSN
WBKT W452 BUTAX R223 BRU M646 VJN W420 KABDU DCT WBKT
WBKW W452 BUTAX R223 BRU W453 LATIL W441 VTW
WBGJ W452 BUTAX DCT VLG
WBSB W452 BUTAX R223 BRU
WBSB WBGB G460 VBU
WBGG G580 VKG
G460 VKG
WBGM DCT WBGM
WBGR G580 VMY
WBGS G460 VSI
WBGW DCT WBGW
WBKD W453 LATIL W441 VTW W424 LHD
M646 VJN W460
WBKK M646 VJN
WBKL G460 VLB
WBKS W461 VSN
M646 VJN A341 VSN (FL165 AND ABOVE)
WBKT M646 VJN W420 DCT WBKT
WBKW W453 LATIL W441 VTW
WBGJ DCT VLG
WBMU R223 BUTAX W452 VZU
1.8.9.2  Flights To Destination Outside Kota Kinabalu FIR

From

Entering Adjacent FIR

Joining Airways or Waypoint

FPL Route

WBGB SINGAPORE FIR KAMIN W447 KAMIN
AGOBA G460 VKG M761 AGOBA
ATETI G460 VKG G580 ATETI
OLKIT W422 VMY W442 OLKIT
ASISU G460 BRU M768 ASISU
MANILA FIRVINIK G460 BRU M646 VJN M522 VINIK
OSANU G460 BRU M646 VJN M646 OSANU
VIMAG G460 BRU M646 VJN A341 VIMAG
JAKARTA FIR PAPSA G460 VKG R455 PAPSA
UJUNG FIR AGSON G460 BRU R223 AGSON
MAMOK G460 BRU M768 MAMOK
BAXAL G460 BRU W453 LATIL W441 VTW A211 BAXAL
WBGG SINGAPORE FIR KAMIN W443 KAMIN
AGOBA M761 AGOBA
ATETI G580 ATETI
ASISU G580 BRU M768 ASISU
MANILA FIRVINIK G580 BRU M646 VJN M522 VINIK
OSANU G580 BRU M646 OSANU
VIMAG G580 BRU M646 VJN A341 VIMAG
JAKARTA FIR PAPSA R455 PAPSA
WBGR SINGAPORE FIR KAMIN W455 DARMU M646 KAMIN
AGOBA G580 VKG M761 AGOBA
ATETI G580 ATETI
OLKIT W442 OLKIT
GULIB L517 GULIB
ASISU G580 BRU M768 ASISU
DAKIX G580 BRU L649 DAKIX
MANILA FIRVINIK G580 BRU M646 VJN M522 VINIK
OSANU G580 BRU M646 OSANU
VIMAG G580 BRU M646 VJN A341 VIMAG
JAKARTA FIR PAPSA G580 VKG R455 PAPSA
OKADA G580 BRU R223 BUTAX P648 OKADA
UJUNG FIR AGSON G580 BRU R223 AGSON
MAMOK G580 BRU M768 MAMOK
BAXAL G580 BRU W453 LATIL W441 VTW A211 BAXAL
WBGS SINGAPORE FIR KAMIN G334 KAMIN
AGOBA W459 AGOBA
ATETI G460 VKG G580 ATETI
ASISU G460 BRU M768 ASISU
MANILA FIRVINIK G460 BRU M646 VJN M522 VINIK
OSANU G460 BRU M646 OSANU
VIMAG G460 BRU M646 VJN A341 VIMAG
JAKARTA FIR PAPSA G460 VKG R455 PAPSA
UJUNG FIR MAMOK G460 BRU M768 MAMOK
WBKK SINGAPORE FIR KAMIN M646 KAMIN
AGOBA M646 BRU G580 VKG M761 AGOBA
ATETI G460 VKG G580 ATETI
M646 BRU G580 ATETI
OLKIT M758 OLKIT
ASISU Y446 ASISU
MANILA FIRVINIK M522 VINIK
OSANU M522 OSANU
VIMAG A341 VSN VIMAG
JAKARTA FIR PAPSA M646 BRU G580 VKG R455 PAPSA
M646 BRU G460 VKG R455 PAPSA
OKADA P648 OKADA
UJUNG FIR AGSON M646 BRU R223 AGSON
MAMOK M522 MAMOK
BAXAL W425 VTW A211 BAXAL
WBKL SINGAPORE FIR KAMIN G460 BRU M646 KAMIN
AGOBA G460 BRU G580 VKG M761 AGOBA
ATETI G460 BRU G580 ATETI
OLKIT W441 DOGOG M758 OLKIT
ASISU W441 DOGOG M768 ASISU
DAKIX W441 AROBO L649 DAKIX
MANILA FIRVINIK W441 UKIBA M754 VINIK
OSANU G460 VJN M646 OSANU
VIMAG G460 VJN A341 VIMAG
W441 W461 VSN A341 VIMAG
JAKARTA FIR PAPSA G460 BRU G580 VKG R455 PAPSA
G460 BRU G460 VKG R455 PAPSA
OKADA G460 BRU R223 BUTAX P648 OKADA
UJUNG FIR AGSON G460 BRU R223 AGSON
MAMOK G460 BRU M768 MAMOK
BAXAL W441 VTW A211 BAXAL
WBKS SINGAPORE FIR KAMIN W461 BRU M646 KAMIN
A341 VJN M646 KAMIN
AGOBA W461 BRU G580 VKG M761 AGOBA
A341 VJN G580 VKG M761 AGOBA
ATETI W461 BRU G580 ATETI
A341 VJN M646 BRU G580 ATETI
OLKIT A341 VJN M758 OLKIT
W461 VJN M759 OLKIT
ASISU A341 VJN Y446 ASISU
MANILA FIRVINIK A341 VJN M522 VINIK
OSANU A341 VJN M646 OSANU
VIMAG A341 VIMAG
JAKARTA FIR PAPSA A341 VJN W461 BRU G460 VKG R455 PAPSA
OKADA A341 VJN P648 OKADA
UJUNG FIR AGSON W461 BRU R223 AGSON
MAMOK A341 VJN M522 MAMOK
BAXAL W421 LHD W424 VTW A211 BAXAL
WBKW SINGAPORE FIR KAMIN W441 LATIL W453 BRU M646 KAMIN
AGOBA W441 LATIL W453 BRU G580 VKG M761 AGOBA
ATETI W441 LATIL W453 BRU G580 ATETI
OLKIT W441 LATIL W453 BRU M759 OLKIT
ASISU W425 VJN Y446 ASISU
W441 DOGOG M768 ASISU
MANILA FIRVINIK W425 VJN M522 VINIK
OSANU W425 VJN M646 OSANU
VIMAG W424 LHD W421 VSN A341 VIMAG
JAKARTA FIR PAPSA W441 LATIL W453 BRU G580 VKG R445 PAPSA
OKADA W441 LATIL W453 BRU R223 BUTAX P648 OKADA
UJUNG FIR BAXAL A211 BAXAL
WBSBSINGAPORE FIR KAMIN M646 KAMIN
AGOBA G580 VKG M761 AGOBA
ATETI G580 ATETI
OLKIT M759 OLKIT
ASISU M768 ASISU
DAKIX L649 DAKIX
MANILA FIRVINIK M754 VINIK
OSANU M646 OSANU
VIMAG W461 VSN A341 VIMAG
JAKARTA FIR PAPSA G580 VKG R445 PAPSA
OKADA R223 BUTAX P648 OKADA
UJUNG FIR AGSON R223 AGSON
MAMOK M768 MAMOK
BAXAL W453 LATIL W441 VTW A211 BAXAL

1.8.9.3  Flights Entering Kota Kinabalu FIR From Adjacent FIR

From Adjacent FIR

To

From Airways or Waypoints

FPL Route

SINGAPORE FIR WBGB KAMIN W447 VBU
AGOBA M761 VKG G460 VBU
ATETI G580 VKG G460 VBU
OLKIT W442 VMY W422 VBU
ASISU M768 BRU G460 VBU
MANILA FIRVINIK M522 VJN M646 BRU G460 VBU
OSANU M646 VJN M646 BRU G460 VBU
VIMAG A341 VJN M646 BRU G460 VBU
JAKARTA FIR ANIPU M772 VSI G460 VBU
PAPSA R455 VKG G460 VBU
UJUNG FIR AGSON R223 BRU G460 VBU
MAMOK M768 BRU G460 VBU
BAXAL A211 VTW W441 LATIL W453 BRU G460 VBU
SINGAPORE FIR WBGG KAMIN M646 KAMIN W443 VKG
G334 KAMIN W443 VKG
AGOBA M761 VKG
ATETI G580 VKG
ASISU M768 BRU G580 VKG
MANILA FIRVINIK M522 VJN M646 BRU G580 VKG
OSANU M646 BRU G580 VKG
VIMAG A341 VJN M646 BRU G580 VKG
JAKARTA FIR PAPSA R455 VKG
SINGAPORE FIR WBGR KAMIN M646 DARMU W455 VMY
AGOBA M646 SABIP M761 VKG G580 VMY
ATETI G580 VMY
OLKIT W442 VMY
ASISU M768 BRU G580 VMY
MANILA FIRVINIK M522 VJN M646 BRU G580 VMY
OSANU M646 BRU G580 VMY
VIMAG A341 VJN M646 BRU G580 VMY
JAKARTA FIR ANIPU ANIPU VSI G460 VBU W422 VMY
PAPSA R455 VKG G580 VMY
OKADA P648 BUTAX R223 BRU G580 VMY
UJUNG FIR AGSON R223 BRU G580 VMY
MAMOK M768 BRU G580 VMY
BAXAL A211 VTW W441 LATIL W453 BRU G580 VMY
SINGAPORE FIR WBGS KAMIN G334 VSI
AGOBA W459 VSI
ATETI G580 VKG G460 VSI
ASISU M768 BRU G460 VSI
MANILA FIRVINIK M522 VJN M646 BRU G460 VSI
OSANU M646 BRU G460 VSI
VIMAG A341 VJN M646 BRU G460 VSI
JAKARTA FIR ANIPU M772 VSI
PAPSA R455 VKG G460 VSI
UJUNG FIR MAMOK M768 BRU G460 VSI
SINGAPORE FIR WBKK KAMIN M646 VJN
AGOBA M761 VKG G580 BRU M646 VJN
ATETI G580 BRU M646 VJN
G580 VKG G460 VJN
OLKIT M758 VJN
ASISU Y446 VJN
MANILA FIRVINIK M522 VJN
OSANU M646 VJN
VIMAG A341 VJN
JAKARTA FIR PAPSA R455 VKG G580 BRU M646 VJN
R455 VKG G460 VJN
OKADA P648 VJN
UJUNG FIR AGSON R223 BRU M646 VJN
MAMOK M522 VJN
BAXAL A211 VTW W425 VJN
SINGAPORE FIR WBKL KAMIN M646 BRU G460 VLB
AGOBA M761 VKG G580 BRU G460 VLB
ATETI G580 BRU G460 VLB
OLKIT M758 DOGOG W441 VLB
ASISU M768 DOGOG W441 VLB
MANILA FIRVINIK M754 UKIBA W441 VLB
M522 VJN G460 VLB
OSANU M646 VJN G460 VLB
VIMAG A341 VJN G460 VLB
JAKARTA FIR PAPSA R455 VKG G580 BRU G460 VLB
OKADA P648 BUTAX R223 BRU G460 VLB
UJUNG FIR AGSON R223 BRU G460 VLB
MAMOK M768 BRU G460 VLB
BAXAL A211 VTW W441 VLB
SINGAPORE FIR WBKS KAMIN M646 BRU W461 VSN
M646 VJN A341 VSN
AGOBA M761 VKG G580 BRU W461 VSN
M761 VKG G580 VJN A341 VSN
ATETI G580 BRU W461 VSN
G580 BRU M646 VJN A341 VSN
OLKIT M758 VJN A341 VSN
M759 BRU W461 VSN
ASISU Y446 VJN A341 VSN
MANILA FIRVINIK M522 VJN A341 VSN
OSANU M646 VJN A341 VSN
VIMAG A341 VSN
JAKARTA FIR PAPSA R455 VKG G580 W461 VSN
OKADA P648 VJN A341 VSN
UJUNG FIR AGSON R223 BRU W461 VSN
MAMOK M522 VJN A341 VSN
BAXAL A211 VTW W424 LHD W421 VSN
SINGAPORE FIR WBKW KAMIN M646 BRU W453 LATIL W441 VTW
AGOBA M761 VKG G580 BRU W453 LATIL W441 VTW
ATETI G580 VKG G460 BRU W453 LATIL W441 VTW
OLKIT M759 BRU W453 LATIL W441 VTW
M758 VJN W425 VTW
ASISU Y446 VJN W425 VTW
MANILA FIRVINIK M522 VJN W425 VTW
OSANU M646 VJN W425 VTW
VIMAG A341 VSN W421 LHD W424 VTW
JAKARTA FIR PAPSA R455 VKG G460 BRU W453 LATIL W441 VTW
OKADA P648 VJN W425 VTW
UJUNG FIR BAXAL A211 VTW
SINGAPORE FIRWBSB KAMIN M646 BRU
AGOBA M761 VKG G580 BRU
ATETI G580 BRU
OLKIT M759 BRU
ASISU M768 BRU
MANILA FIRVINIK M754 BRU
OSANU M646 BRU
VIMAG A341 VSN W461 BRU
JAKARTA FIR PAPSA R455 VKG G580 BRU
OKADA P648 BUTAX R223 BRU
UJUNG FIR AGSON R223 BRU
MAMOK M768 BRU
BAXAL A211 VTW W441 LATIL W453 BRU

1.8.9.4  Flights Overflying Kota Kinabalu FIR

Adjacent FIR

To

Entry Airways or Waypoints

Exit Airways or Waypoints

FPL Route

SINGAPORE FIRMANILA FIR KAMIN VINIK M646 BRU M754 VINIK
OSANU M646 OSANU
VIMAG M646 BRU W461 VSN A341 VIMAG
AGOBA VINIK M761 VKG G580 BRU M754 VINIK
OSANU M761 VKG G580 BRU M646 OSANU